The number of articles reporting the effect of different management interventions on biodiversity. The total number of articles is at the end of each column. For this figure, arable and grass fields are excluded. Fallow studies are included in the set-aside category, riparian buffer strips as part of field margins and the Swiss Ecological Compensation Areas meadows as part of meadow management. Although ponds were excluded from the database, one article is included here as it relates to riparian buffer strips.