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Table 7 Management options investigated on farms under agri-environment agreements and organism studied

From: The effectiveness of integrated farm management, organic farming and agri-environment schemes for conserving biodiversity in temperate Europe - A systematic map

  Invertebrates Plants Farmland birds
Meadows (including Swiss ECA meadows) 11 11 4
Field margins 15 8 1
Hedgerows 9 6 2
Lowland wet grassland 1 2 2
Overwintered stubbles 0 1 3
Semi-improved grassland 1 1 2
Wild bird cover (Option for birds UK, France) 0 1 2
Lapwing Option (UK option for birds) 0 0 2
Fallow 1 1 0
Mosaic management (Dutch option for birds) 0 0 1
Conservation headlands (unsprayed or unfertilised arable strips) 0 1 0
Under-sown cereals 0 1 0
Meadow bird agreement (Dutch option for birds) 0 0 1
  1. Some options are specific to one region or country and some may no longer exist in the form stated.