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Table 1 Data points and respective references included in the meta-analysis

From: Does delaying the first mowing date benefit biodiversity in meadowland?

  Outcomes        
Taxon Species richness Abundance Early cut (control) Delayed cut (treatment) Study duration in years Design* exp or obs Sample size SD provided Reference
Plants x   May July 11 exp 4 yes Beltman et al. 2003 [89]
Plants x   June Sept 20 obs 9 yes Bissels et al. 2004 [55]
Plants x   June Aug 2 exp 8 yes Bobbink and Willems 1991, exp.1 [63]
Plants x   June Nov 2 exp 8 yes Bobbink and Willems 1991, exp.1 [63]
Plants x   Aug Nov 2 exp 8 yes Bobbink and Willems 1991, exp.1 [63]
Plants x   Aug Nov 4 exp 2 yes Bobbink and Willems 1991, exp.2 [63]
Plants x   Early June Late June 6 exp 16 yes Cop et al. 2009, exp.2 [58]
Plants x   June Aug 13 exp 3 yes Fenner and Palmer 1998 [90]
Plants x   Late June Late July 40 obs 9 yes Hegland et al. 2001 [56]
Plants x   June Aug 5 exp 10 yes Hellström et al. 2006 [91]
Plants x   May July 2 exp 6 yes Kirkham and Tallowin 1995 [92]
Plants x   May Aug 2 exp 6 yes Kirkham and Tallowin 1995 [92]
Plants x   May Sept 2 exp 6 yes Kirkham and Tallowin 1995 [92]
Plants x   July Aug 2 exp 6 yes Kirkham and Tallowin 1995 [92]
Plants x   July Sept 2 exp 6 yes Kirkham and Tallowin 1995 [92]
Plants x   Aug Sept 2 exp 6 yes Kirkham and Tallowin 1995 [92]
Plants x   July Oct 22 exp 6 yes Köhler et al. 2005 [54]
Plants x   June Oct 6 exp 24 yes Marriott et al. 2003 [93]
Plants x   June July 11 exp 8 yes Parr and Way 1988 [17]
Plants x   June July 4 exp 18 yes Smith et al. 1996b [94]
Plants x   June Sept 4 exp 18 yes Smith et al. 1996b [94]
Plants x   July Sept 4 exp 18 yes Smith et al. 1996b [94]
Plants x   June July 8 exp 36 yes Smith et al. 2000 [19]
Plants x   June Sept 8 exp 36 yes Smith et al. 2000 [19]
Plants x   July Sept 8 exp 36 yes Smith et al. 2000 [19]
Plants x   May July 3 exp 12 yes Woodcock et al. 2007 [95]
Plants x   July Sept 25 exp 1 no Bakker et al. 2002 [18]
Plants x   May June 7 exp 4 no Oomes and Mooi 1981 [96]
Plants x   May Aug 7 exp 4 no Oomes and Mooi 1981 [96]
Plants x   May Sept 7 exp 4 no Oomes and Mooi 1981 [96]
Plants x   June Aug 7 exp 4 no Oomes and Mooi 1981 [96]
Plants x   June Sept 7 exp 4 no Oomes and Mooi 1981 [96]
Plants x   Aug Sept 7 exp 4 no Oomes and Mooi 1981 [96]
Plants x   May + Sept June + Sept 7 exp 4 no Oomes and Mooi 1981 [96]
Plants x   Early June Late June 4 exp 1 no Selinger-L. and Muller 2001 [97]
Auchenorrhyncha x x May July 3 exp 12 yes Blake et al. 2011 [80]
Invertebrates x   June Aug 13 exp 3 yes Fenner and Palmer 1998 [90]
Heteroptera x x May July 3 exp 4 yes Morris 1979 [59]
Auchenorhyncha x x May July 3 exp 4 yes Morris 1981 [60]
Bumblebees x x May July 4 exp 12 yes Potts et al. 2009 [98]
Butterflies x x May July 4 exp 12 yes Potts et al. 2009 [98]
Butterfly larvae   x May July 4 exp 12 yes Potts et al. 2009 [98]
Butterflies x x July Aug unknown obs 18 yes Valtonen et al. 2006 [31]
Diurnal moths x x July Aug unknown obs 18 yes Valtonen et al. 2006 [31]
Beetles x x May July 3 exp 12 yes Woodcock et al. 2007 [95]
Coleoptera x x May July 2 exp 4 no Morris and Rispin 1987 [21]
  1. * Study designs were either experimental (exp) where mowing treatments were randomly applied, or observational (obs) were mowing treatments were not randomly applied.
  2. All 55 data points (unit of analysis) and their respective references included in the meta-analysis. Rows are ordered by taxon and specific outcome measures. Note that rows with two outcomes (species richness and abundance) count as two data points. The time (month) of the early and delayed first cut are given for both control and treatment plots, as well as the duration of the study in years and the sample size. Studies where the Standard Deviation (SD) was not provided could only be included in meta-analyses based on the response ratio. See Additional file 2 for more details on each data points.