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Table 5 Summary of costs and flow rates for adsorption processes

From: Are interventions to reduce the impact of arsenic contamination of groundwater on human health in developing countries effective? A systematic review

Author Intervention Household or community Flow L/hr Capital cost as Aus$ Operational cost as Aus$
Hossain (2005) Activated alumina As-37 Community 600 2042 + 622 per charge + 4% sales tax Not reported
Hossain (2005) Aquabind – activated alumina with metal oxide Community 42 (1000 L/day) 3456 + 649 per charge Not reported
Hossain (2005) Red haematite lumps + quartz + sand + activated alumina Community 600-1000 1271 as per 1997 estimate Not reported
Hossain (2005) Activated alumina + AAFS-50, patented aluminium silicate + ferric hydroxide Community 22 (200000 L/year) 2080 + 942 per media charge Not reported
Hossain (2005) Aluminium silicate + ferric hydroxide Community 83 (2000 L/day) 376 + 56 per recharge Not reported
Hossain (2005) Adsorp-As (patented) Community 102 (900000L/year) 3484 + 1177per charge Not reported
Hossain (2005) Slurry/granular ferric hydroxide Community 600-900 1695 + 399per recharge maintenance of 56 per year Not reported
Hossain (2006) Samples 305 ARPs – based on typical ARP with granular ferric oxide Community Not reported Not reported Not reported
BAMWSP (2001), Sutherland (2001), Sutherland (2002) BUET activated alumina filter Household Not reported 1400 1000
Amiri (2010), Sutherland (2002), BCSIR (2003) ALCAN Community 244 - >300 (max 2928 L over 12 hrs)(5 L/min) 167 Not reported
Amiri (2010) Apyron Unclear 600 (<10 L/min) Not reported Not reported
Amiri (2010) Wholly Water. Unclear 240 (≤4 L/min) Not reported Not reported
Amiri (2010) Nelima Unclear 20 L – stir 3 or 4 times (may need 1.5-2 hours if over 3 mg/L iron Not reported Not reported
Amiri (2010) Shapla Unclear 5.5 Not reported Not reported
Anstiss (2001) Tank system with ferric oxide Household 2.5 (60 L/day) - flexible regarding water volumes and cycle length Not reported Not reported
Jakariya (2005), Rahman (2005), BRAC (2000) Safi filter Household 40 L/day 1.7 Not reported Family filter – 70 New candle –$20
Misra (2005) As removal filter Household 15 Not reported Not reported
Sarkar (2005) Well head treatment unit using activated alumina adsorption column Community 480-600 Not reported Not reported
Sarkar (2008), BRAC (2000) Activated alumina Community 720-900 (12–15 L/min) Not reported Not reported
Ali (2001) Iron oxide coated sand Household 60-120 Not reported Not reported
Yuan (2002) Iron oxide coated sand Household Estimate of 15 L/day 52 Not reported
Petrusevski (2008) UNESCO-IHE family filter Household 0.15-0.77 Not reported Not reported
BRAC BCSIR SIDKO Community 60* (1l/min) 7200 Media −290
Ashraf (2001) Gravel bed with iron sludge Unclear Not reported Not reported Not reported
BCSIR READ-F Household 31-60 256 Not reported