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Table 3 Data extraction and coding schema

From: A systematic mapping protocol: what are the impacts of different upstream business models in the agriculture and forestry sector on sustainable development in tropical developing countries?

Variable Key words/entry options
Author(s) Name
Title Name
Date Date
Publisher Name and location
Volume, issue, page number Number
Publication type e.g. peer-reviewed journal article, non peer-reviewed journal article, conference paper, working paper, thesis, book, book chapter
Study year(s) Year
Study length Number of days/weeks/months/years
Study country Name
Study design Experimental, quasi-experimental, observational
Data type Quantitative, qualitative
Data sources Primary, secondary
Research methods e.g. household survey, focus group discussions, key informant interviews, participatory research methods, biodiversity assessment, land use change analysis, value chain analysis
Type of intervention(s) assessed e.g. outgrower, tenant farming, farmer-owned business, joint venture, management contract, plantation, other (specify)
Number of interventions assessed Number
Type of investor Private, public, public-private partnership, both
Origin of investor Domestic, foreign, domestic-foreign joint venture, both
Unit of analysis e.g. Individual, household, village, landscape, protected area, district, country
Sample size For each unit of analysis, list sample size
Type of local social outcomes assessed e.g. none, equity, household income, conflict, vulnerability, resilience, food security, energy security, access to infrastructure, land tenure security
Type of economic outcomes assessed e.g. none, profitability, productivity, balance of payments, public revenues
Type of environmental outcomes assessed e.g. none,, (agro-)biodiversity, forest cover, pollution, water quality/quantity, greenhouse gas emissions, soil health, biomass
Trade-offs between outcomes assessed Yes, no
Types of stakeholders e.g. employees, migrants, women, included smallholders, ethnic minorities, host communities, society
Influence of external intervention e.g. none, voluntary certification scheme, government program, government regulation, trade standard
Type of contextual analysis e.g. none, legal, institutional, geographic, socio-cultural, economic
Linkages between intervention, outcomes, and context explored empirically Yes, no
Outcome determinants assessed Yes, no
Type of comparator e.g. none, temporal, other business models, without intervention, control groups
Validity assessment None, internal, external, both
Intervention sampling strategy e.g. None specified, random, stratified, systematic, cluster, convenience, purposive, snow-ball
Population sampling strategy e.g. None specified, random, stratified, systematic, cluster, convenience, purposive, snow-ball
Ex ante identification of relevant stakeholder groups/ population sub-groups for impact assessment Yes (and all captured separately in research), yes (but only select groups researched), no, not specified
Additional remarks Any additional notes on the paper (e.g. potential biases)