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Table 1 Articles included in the systematic review

From: What are the impacts of reindeer/caribou (Rangifer tarandus L.) on arctic and alpine vegetation? A systematic review

Authors Year Title Study area Ref.
Bråthen & Oksanen2001Reindeer reduce biomass of preferred plant speciesN Norway[73]
Bråthen et al. 2007Induced shift in ecosystem productivity? Extensive scale effects of abundant large herbivoresN Norway[23]
Cahoon et al. 2012Large herbivores limit CO2 uptake and suppress carbon cycle responses to warming in West GreenlandGreenland[68]
den Herder et al. 2004Effects of reindeer browsing on tundra willow and its associated insect herbivoresFinland[74]
Dormann & Skarpe2002Flowering, growth and defence in the two sexes: Consequences of herbivore exclusion for Salix polaris Svalbard[75]
Eriksson et al. 2007Use and abuse of reindeer rangeSweden[62]
Eskelinen & Oksanen2006Changes in the abundance, composition and species richness of mountain vegetation in relation to summer grazing by reindeerFinland[76]
Gaare et al. 2006Overvåking av vinterbeiter i Vest-Finnmark og Karasjok: Ny beskrivelse av fastruteneN Norway[59]
Gonzalez et al. 2010Large-scale grazing history effects on Arctic-alpine germinable seed banksN Norway[69]
Gough et al. 2008Long-term mammalian herbivory and nutrient addition alter lichen community structure in Alaskan dry heath tundraAlaska, USA[77]
Grellmann2002Plant responses to fertilization and exclusion of grazers on an arctic tundra heathN Norway[78]
Hansen et al. 2007Ungulate impact on vegetation in a two-level trophic systemSvalbard[61]
Jandt et al. 2003Western Arctic Caribou Herd winter habitat monitoring and utilization, 1995-1996Alaska, USA[60]
Johansen & Karlsen2005Monitoring vegetation changes on Finnmarksvidda, Northern Norway, using Landsat MSS and Landsat TM / ETM+ satellite imagesN Norway[58]
Kitti et al. 2009Long- and short-term effects of reindeer grazing on tundra wetland vegetationN Norway/Finland[66]
Lehtonen & Heikkinen1995On the recovery of mountain birch after Epirrita damage in Finnish Lapland, with a particular emphasis on reindeer grazingFinland[79]
Manseau et al. 1996Effects of summer grazing by caribou on composition and productivity of vegetation: Community and landscape levelCanada[80]
Moen et al. 2009Variations in mountain vegetation use by reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) affects dry heath but not grass heathSweden[63]
Nellemann et al. 2000Cumulative impacts of tourist resorts on wild reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus) during winterS Norway[81]
Nellemann et al. 2001Winter distribution of wild reindeer in relation to power lines, roads and resortsS Norway[82]
Olofsson & Strengbom2000Response of galling invertebrates on Salix lanata to reindeer herbivoryN Norway[83]
Olofsson et al. 2001Effects of summer grazing by reindeer on composition of vegetation, productivity and nitrogen cyclingN Norway/Finland[21]
Olofsson et al. 2004Importance of large and small mammalian herbivores for the plant community structure in the forest tundra ecotoneN Norway/Sweden[84]
Olofsson & Oksanen2005Effects of reindeer density on vascular plant diversity on North Scandinavian mountainsN Norway/Finland/Sweden[49]
Olofsson2006Short- and long-term effects of changes in reindeer grazing pressure on tundra heath vegetationN Norway[67]
Olofsson et al. 2009Herbivores inhibit climate-driven shrub expansion on the tundraN Norway/Sweden[26]
Olofsson et al. 2013Complex biotic interactions drive longterm vegetation dynamics in a subarctic ecosystemSweden[85]
Pajunen2009Environmental and biotic determinants of growth and height of arctic willow shrubs along a latitudinal gradientYamal, Russia[86]
Pedersen & Post2008Interactions between herbivory and warming in aboveground biomass production of arctic vegetationGreenland[87]
Post & Pedersen2008Opposing plant community responses to warming with and without herbivoresGreenland[70]
Post2013Erosion of community diversity and stability by herbivore removal under warmingGreenland[88]
Ravolainen et al. 2010Additive partitioning of diversity reveals no scale-dependent impacts of large ungulates on the structure of tundra plant communitiesN Norway[24]
Ravolainen et al. 2011Rapid, landscape scale responses in riparian tundra vegetation to exclusion of small and large mammalian herbivoresN Norway[64]
Tømmervik et al. 2009Above ground biomass changes in the mountain birch forests and mountain heaths of Finnmarksvidda, northern Norway, in the period 1957-2006N Norway[89]
Tømmervik et al. 2012Rapid recovery of recently overexploited winter grazing pastures for reindeer in northern NorwayN Norway[46]
van der Wal et al. 2001Differential effects of reindeer on high Arctic lichensSvalbard[90]
van der Wal & Brooker2004Mosses mediate grazer impacts on grass abundance in arctic ecosystemsSvalbard[20]
Vistnes et al. 2004Effects of infrastructure on migration and range use of wild reindeerS Norway[91]
Zamin & Grogan2012Birch shrub growth in the low Arctic: The relative importance of experimental warming, enhanced nutrient availability, snow depth and caribou exclusionCanada[92]
Zamin & Grogan2013Caribou exclusion during a population low increases deciduous and evergreen shrub species biomass and nitrogen pools in low Arctic tundraCanada[65]