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Table 5 The number of projects using different types of alternative livelihood interventions

From: Are alternative livelihood projects effective at reducing local threats to specified elements of biodiversity and/or improving or maintaining the conservation status of those elements?

Types of intervention combinationsMapReviewProject examples
Alternative occupation only7315Network of Locally Managed Marine Protected Areas, Solomon Islands
Alternative occupation: thee establishment of alternative income generating projects including beekeeping, ecotourism, clam and coral farming and coconut oil press
Alternative resource only82Turtle conservation, Indonesia
Alternative resource: Introduction of pig breeding as a replacement for turtle meat
Alternative methods only94The ProNaturaleza Project, Peru
Alternative method: Introduction of new method to sustainably harvest fruits by climbing, rather than felling Moriche palms
Alternative occupation + alternative resource91Terai Arc Landscape, Nepal
Alternative occupation: Promotion of alternative income generating activities through micro-credit schemes
Alternative resource: Adoption of alternative energy such as biogas, improved cook stoves, bio-briquette
Alternative occupation + Alternative methods10Mananara Project, Madagascar
Alternative occupation: Introduction of animal rearing and beekeeping
Alternative method: Introduction of alternative fishing methods
Alternative resource + Alternative methods20CARE Fishing Villages Project, Uganda
Alternative resource: Planting woodlots which can then be harvested to offset wood demand from within the park
Alternative method: Fish smoking kilns to reduce demands for firewood
All three interventions40India Ecodevelopment Project—Buza Tiger Reserve
Alternative occupation: Promotion of income augmenting alternatives (e.g. bamboo weaving, poultry, pig and goat rearing, loans for training to support self-employment initiatives such as tailoring, sale of horticulture-vegetable or other minor forest products)
Alternative resource: Plantation of fast growing fuelwood species outside the protected area, Alternative method: distribution of smokeless stoves to village communities