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Table 5 The number of projects using different types of alternative livelihood interventions

From: Are alternative livelihood projects effective at reducing local threats to specified elements of biodiversity and/or improving or maintaining the conservation status of those elements?

Types of intervention combinations Map Review Project examples
Alternative occupation only 73 15 Network of Locally Managed Marine Protected Areas, Solomon Islands
Alternative occupation: thee establishment of alternative income generating projects including beekeeping, ecotourism, clam and coral farming and coconut oil press
Alternative resource only 8 2 Turtle conservation, Indonesia
Alternative resource: Introduction of pig breeding as a replacement for turtle meat
Alternative methods only 9 4 The ProNaturaleza Project, Peru
Alternative method: Introduction of new method to sustainably harvest fruits by climbing, rather than felling Moriche palms
Alternative occupation + alternative resource 9 1 Terai Arc Landscape, Nepal
Alternative occupation: Promotion of alternative income generating activities through micro-credit schemes
Alternative resource: Adoption of alternative energy such as biogas, improved cook stoves, bio-briquette
Alternative occupation + Alternative methods 1 0 Mananara Project, Madagascar
Alternative occupation: Introduction of animal rearing and beekeeping
Alternative method: Introduction of alternative fishing methods
Alternative resource + Alternative methods 2 0 CARE Fishing Villages Project, Uganda
Alternative resource: Planting woodlots which can then be harvested to offset wood demand from within the park
Alternative method: Fish smoking kilns to reduce demands for firewood
All three interventions 4 0 India Ecodevelopment Project—Buza Tiger Reserve
Alternative occupation: Promotion of income augmenting alternatives (e.g. bamboo weaving, poultry, pig and goat rearing, loans for training to support self-employment initiatives such as tailoring, sale of horticulture-vegetable or other minor forest products)
Alternative resource: Plantation of fast growing fuelwood species outside the protected area, Alternative method: distribution of smokeless stoves to village communities