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Table 1 Categories and subcategories of nature conservation interventions

From: What are the effects of nature conservation on human well-being? A systematic map of empirical evidence from developing countries

Category Code Subcategory
Land/water protection PA1 Site or area protection
Land/water management LM1 Site management
LM2 Invasive species control
LM3 Restoration
Resource management RM1 Resource management
Species management SM1 Species management
SM2 Species recovery
SM3 Species re-introduction
Education and awareness E1 Formal education
E2 Training
E3 Awareness and communications
Law and policy LP1 Legislation
LP2 Policies and regulations
LP3 Private sector standards and codes
LP4 Compliance and enforcement
Economic, livelihoods and other incentives EL1 Linked enterprises and livelihood alternatives
EL2 Substitution
EL3 Market forces
EL4 Conservation payments
EL5 Non-monetary values
External capacity building CB1 Institutional and civil society development
CB1 Alliance and partnership development
CB1 Conservation finance
  1. Intervention framework adapted from the IUCN-CMP classification of conservation actions [41]