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Table 3 Categories and subcategories of poverty outcome measures

From: What is the evidence for the contribution of forests to poverty alleviation? A systematic map protocol

CategorySubcategoryDefinition
Forest income and consumptionMonetary forest income—direct sale of goodsIndividual/household monetary income from direct sale of forest goods
Monetary forest income—wage laborIndividual/household monetary income from forest-based wage labor
Monetary forest income—value addition/entrepreneurshipIndividual/household/community monetary income from value addition to forest products and/or entrepreneurship
Physical forest income—consumptionIndividual/household physical income from consumption of forest goods
Capital/assetsFinancial capital—credit, savings and debtValue of individual assets from forest sources
Natural capital—forest assets with access/use, sale and exclusion rightsStock of forest asset individual has access right to
Natural capital—land assets with access/use, sale and exclusion rightsStock of land asset individual has access right to
Physical capital—forest-based material assetsStock of physical forest-based assets individual has access to
Human capital—forest-based knowledge and skillsIndividual knowledge and skills associated with uptake of forest-based intervention or improvement of practices
HealthMeasures of physical health, disease prevalence, and access to healthcare
Social capital (including inequality, conflict, and empowerment of women and marginalized groups)Measures of social resources that people draw on to make a living, such as relationships with either more powerful people (vertical connections) or with others like themselves (horizontal connections), or membership of groups or organizations. Generally relationships of trust, reciprocity and exchange that the poor can draw on in times of need, and that lower the costs of working productively together