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Table 3 Categories and subcategories of poverty outcome measures

From: What is the evidence for the contribution of forests to poverty alleviation? A systematic map protocol

Category Subcategory Definition
Forest income and consumption Monetary forest income—direct sale of goods Individual/household monetary income from direct sale of forest goods
Monetary forest income—wage labor Individual/household monetary income from forest-based wage labor
Monetary forest income—value addition/entrepreneurship Individual/household/community monetary income from value addition to forest products and/or entrepreneurship
Physical forest income—consumption Individual/household physical income from consumption of forest goods
Capital/assets Financial capital—credit, savings and debt Value of individual assets from forest sources
Natural capital—forest assets with access/use, sale and exclusion rights Stock of forest asset individual has access right to
Natural capital—land assets with access/use, sale and exclusion rights Stock of land asset individual has access right to
Physical capital—forest-based material assets Stock of physical forest-based assets individual has access to
Human capital—forest-based knowledge and skills Individual knowledge and skills associated with uptake of forest-based intervention or improvement of practices
Health Measures of physical health, disease prevalence, and access to healthcare
Social capital (including inequality, conflict, and empowerment of women and marginalized groups) Measures of social resources that people draw on to make a living, such as relationships with either more powerful people (vertical connections) or with others like themselves (horizontal connections), or membership of groups or organizations. Generally relationships of trust, reciprocity and exchange that the poor can draw on in times of need, and that lower the costs of working productively together