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TableĀ 2 Stakeholder training stages, beneficiaries and descriptions of the purposes of different training opportunities, along with suggestions of suitable training media

From: Much at stake: the importance of training and capacity building for stakeholder engagement in evidence synthesis

Training summary and purpose Stakeholders engaged in training Stage of the evidence synthesis process Suggested training media
1. End-user and public engagement
Providing skills relating to stakeholder analysis, conflict management, and participatory methods
Reviewer Scoping and question formulation, Communicating outcomes In person or online (training courses)
2. Systematic review and map methods
In depth methodological training regarding each step of the systematic review and map process; question formulation, scoping, searching, screening, data extraction and coding, critical appraisal, synthesis, report writing
Anything from a basic overview of systematic review and map methods to advanced details on methodology, provided as a valuable transferable skill
Reviewer
Students
Planning (scoping, protocol development) and conduct
Any (not linked to a specific review)
In person or online (training courses)
In person or on-line (presentations, training courses)
3. Preparation of visualisations and communication media
Production of readily digestible data visualisations
Training in development of communication materials tailored for specific stakeholder groups, and in communication skills
Reviewer
Reviewers
Report preparation
Communication
Written (technical summaries), in person or online (workshops, training courses)
Written (technical summaries), in person or online (workshops, training courses)
4. Value of systematic reviews/map methods
Advocacy of systematic review and map methods as a funded activity, source of evidence in decision-making, or research endeavor. Explanation of limitations of traditional reviews relative to systematic review/map methods
Giving an overview of the need for and methods involved in systematic reviews and maps
Giving an overview of the need for and detailed methods involved in systematic reviews and maps
Giving an overview of the methods involved in systematic reviews and maps and how to interpret the review findings
All stakeholders (particularly review funders, prospective reviewers, policy stakeholders and practitioners)
Subject experts, researchers, policy specialists, practitioners, review advisory groups
Peer-reviewers
End-users (policy stakeholders, practitioners)
Any (not linked to a specific review)
Question formulation
Peer-review (protocol and final report)
Communicating outcomes
Written (flyers, factsheets, non-technical summaries), online (websites, videos), in person (presentations, workshops, short courses)
Written (flyers, factsheets, non-technical summaries), in person (workshops), online (websites, videos)
Written (technical summaries)
Written (flyers, factsheets, non-technical summaries), online (websites, videos), in person (presentations, workshops)
5. Technical critique of review methods
Critical research commentaries in the academic literature can raise awareness in the research community regarding misunderstandings about systematic methods
Researcher community Any (not linked to a specific review) Written (research articles)