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Table 2 Combinations of interventions and organism groups studied (No. of studies)

From: How are biodiversity and dispersal of species affected by the management of roadsides? A systematic map

Intervention Organism group
Graminoids Herbs/forbs Woody plants Bryophytes Lichens Fungi Mammals Birds Reptiles Insects Other arthropods Other invertebrates Bacteria All species
Vegetation disturbance
 Mowing 54 61 28 1 0 1 5 7 0 12 1 1 0 85
 Pruning 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
 Removal of shrubs/saplings 2 3 4 0 0 0 3 2 1 1 0 1 0 9
 Grazing 3 3 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6
 Burning 11 12 4 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 14
 Heating 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
 Herbicide use 67 72 21 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 86
Biological amendment
 Sowing 63 76 21 2 1 0 0 1 0 3 0 1 3 86
 Planting 11 12 10 1 1 0 0 2 1 1 0 0 0 19
 Mycorrhizal treatment 4 2 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7
Soil amendment
 Fertiliser addition 31 31 13 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 39
 Liming 9 17 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 18
 Topsoiling 11 11 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 11
 Mulching or compost application 32 33 17 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 41
 Use of erosion-control mats/blankets 11 10 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 11
 Irrigation 6 5 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 7
 Soil cultivation (e.g. tillage) 13 19 6 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 23
 Ditching or ditch maintenance 3 3 3 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3
Control of invasive/nuisance species 43 52 18 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 61
Other interventions 5 6 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 11
All interventions 207 232 105 5 2 2 5 10 1 17 1 2 3  
  1. Some of the studies appear more than once in the table, since they covered multiple interventions and/or groups of organisms