Skip to main content

Table 3 Search terms and strings used for searching online databases and websites

From: Absence of evidence for the conservation outcomes of systematic conservation planning around the globe: a systematic map

Publication database search terms (formatted for Web of Science)a
Subject terms
Intervention terms
Outcome terms
Qualifier terms
TS = (aquatic OR “river basin” OR ecoregion* OR bioregion* OR terrestrial OR marine OR freshwater OR coastal OR landscape OR seascape OR catchment OR “coastal zone” OR “ecological network” OR corridor OR “conservation area” OR “reserve network” OR “protected area” OR “national park” OR “planning unit”)
TS = (“conservation plan*” OR “spatial plan*” OR “conservation assessment” OR “reserve selection” OR “area selection” OR “reserve design*” OR “conservation zoning” OR “key biodiversity area” OR “important bird area” OR “spatial priorit*”OR “conservation priorit*” OR “conservation area priorit*” OR “spatial optimi*” OR “protected area network design” OR “resource allocation” OR “conservation decision making” OR marxan OR zonation OR “C-Plan” OR RobOff OR BioRap OR CLUZ OR ConsNet OR CPLEX OR CREDOS OR “Ecoseed Marzone” OR MinPatch OR MultCSync OR NatureServeVista OR ResNet OR SPEXAN OR “conservation evaluation” OR “area identification” OR “decision-support tool” OR “conservation action”)
TS = (outcome* OR evaluat* OR output* OR impact* OR effect* OR ineffective OR success* OR fail* OR benefit* OR implement*)
TS = (biodivers* OR wildlife OR species OR habitat)
Google Scholar search terms
 “Conservation plan” “conservation planning” “spatial plan” “conservation assessment” “reserve design” “conservation zoning”
  1. aFollowing sensitivity testing during initial pilots of the searches (in November 2016), the search terms were revised from the original protocol [15]. Terms were removed if they either inflated the number of search terms returned in an unspecified way (i.e. adding many irrelevant search results), or if they did not add value to searches based on similarity to existing terms