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Table 3 Crosswalk of included systematic evidence syntheses and their characteristics

From: A systematic map of evidence on the contribution of forests to poverty alleviation

Type Authors Population Stated intervention Related intervention category Stated outcomes Related outcome category Study type Top Geo. Inc. Ov.
SR Bowler et al. [25] Less developed countries Community forest management Forest management, governance, individual rights/empowerment Global environmental and local welfare benefits Forest income and consumption, social capital, human capital, physical capital Qual, Quant, Comb India, Nepal 42 8
SR Brooks et al. [75] Lower and middle-income countries Community-based conservation Governance, individual rights/empowerment At least two of the four outcomes of interest—attitudinal, behavioral, ecological, and economic Forest income and consumption Qual, Quant, Comb Tanzania, Madagascar 123 4
SR Lawrence et al. [76] United Kingdom Community woodlands Forest management, governance Biophysical impacts, social impacts, economic and financial impacts, participation Monetary forest income—wage labor, social capital Qual, Quant, Comb N/A (only UK) 78 0
SR Leisher et al. [27] Non-OECD Community-based natural resource management with different gender compositions of natural resource management groups Forest management, governance, individual rights/empowerment Changes in governance (incl. rule-making and compliance), conflict resolution, and accountability and transparency. All outcomes related to conservation efficacy, incl. improvements in forest cover and greater forest protection Social capital, access to forest Qual, Quant, Comb India, Nepal 17 4
SR Pullin et al. [26] Global Protected areas Managing and enhancing ecosystem services Livelihood strategies, social capital, empowerment, human rights, access to ecosystem goods and services and natural resources essential to well-being Forest income and consumption, access to forests, access to land, health, social capital Qual, Quant, Comb Uganda, India 48 5
SR Samii et al. [33] Lower and middle-income countries Payments for environmental services Managing and enhancing ecosystem services, strengthening institutions and markets Poverty conditions of forest dwelling communities—impacts on consumption, income, or income potential Forest income and consumption Qual, Quant, Comb Costa Rica, Mexico 20 7
SR Samii et al. [34] Lower and middle-income countries Decentralized forest management Forest management, governance Poverty conditions of forest dwelling communities—impacts on consumption, income, or income potential Forest income and consumption Qual, Quant, Comb Uganda 12 7
EGM Puri et al. [29] Low- and middle-income countries Forest conservation interventions All Knowledge and behavior change, transparency and accountability outcomes, environmental, social, and cost-effectiveness impacts Human capital, forest income, social capital, physical capital Quant Costa Rica, Brazil 118 33
EGM Snilsveit et al. [30] Global Land-use change and forest programmes Habitat management, identifying and strengthening market forces, social capital, strengthening institutions and markets, human capital, produced capital Uptake of agricultural practices, land-use or forest management; environmental outcomes related to greenhouse gas emissions; human welfare outcomes Forest income and consumption, health, physical capital, social capital, human capital Quant Costa Rica, Brazil 252 32
  1. Includes information on study type, population, stated intervention and outcome categories, correspondence with intervention and outcome categories included in the scope of this systematic map, data type, nations with highest frequency of articles (top geo), number of included articles (Inc.), and number of overlapping articles with this systematic map (Ov.). Total overlapping articles = 55