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Table 4 Genome-editing in plants for increased resistance to biotic stress (1996–May 2018)

From: What is the available evidence for the range of applications of genome-editing as a new tool for plant trait modification and the potential occurrence of associated off-target effects: a systematic map

Plant Developer, producer, country Trait Specification Technological specification References
Cacao Pennsylvania State University, USA Fungal resistance Resistance to Phytophthora tropicalis CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [127]
Cucumber Volcani Center, Israel Virus resistance Immunity to cucumber vein yellowing virus (Ipomovirus) infection and resistance to the potyviruses Zucchini yellow mosaic virus and Papaya ring spot mosaic virus-W CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [22]
Grapefruit University of Florida, USA Bacterial resistance Resistance to citrus canker CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [128, 129]
Grapevine Northwest A&F University and Ministry of Agriculture, China Fungal resistance Resistance to Botrytis cinerea CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [130]
Maize Du Pont Pioneer, USA Fungal resistance Resistance to Northern Leaf Blight (NLB) CRISPR/Cas9 (Cisgenesis) SDN3 [131]
Orange Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences and National Center for Citrus Variety Improvement; Southwest University, China Bacterial resistance Resistance to citrus canker CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [132]
Rice Chinese Academy of Agriculture, China Fungal resistance Resistance to rice blast CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [133]
Rice Iowa State University, USA Bacterial resistance Resistance to bacterial blight CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [134]
IRD-CIRAD-Université, France TALENs SDN1 [135]
Iowa State University, USA TALENs SDN1 [136]
National University of Singapore, Singapore TALENs SDN1 [137]
Chinese Academy of Sciences, China TALENs SDN1 [138]
National Center for Plant Gene Research, China; Sichuan Agricultural University, China CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [139]
Rice Iowa State University, USA Fungal resistance Resistance to powdery mildew TALENs SDN1 [140]
Rice Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China; Yunnan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China Bacterial resistance Resistance to the pathogen Xoc RS105 TALENs SDN1 [141]
Rice Sichuan Agricultural University, China Bacterial resistance/fungal resistance Resistance to bacterial blight and rice blight CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [61]
Rice International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Philippines Virus resistance Resistance to rice tungro disease (RTD) CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [142]
Tomato Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology, Germany; Norwich Research Park, UK Fungal resistance Resistance to powdery mildew CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [143]
Tomato King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Saudi Arabia Virus resistance Resistance to tomato yellow leaf virus CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [144]
Tomato University of California, USA Bacterial resistance Resistance to different pathogens including P. syringae, P. capsici and Xanthomonas spp. CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [145]
Wheat Chinese Academy of Sciences, China Fungal resistance Resistance to powdery mildew TALENs SDN1 [25]
Chinese Academy of Sciences, China CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [146]
Calyxt, Inc., USA TALENs SDN1 [147]
  1. TALENs Transcription Activator-Like Effector Nucleases, CRISPR/Cas9 Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats/CRISPR associated protein 9, SDN Site directed nucleases