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Table 2 Eligibility criteria

From: Bridging Indigenous and science-based knowledge in coastal and marine research, monitoring, and management in Canada


Case studies that concern coastal or marine habitat, ecosystems, or species (incl. coastal birds, diadromous fish, and polar bears)

Study design

Articles that report empirical results, either qualitatively or quantitatively, and where integrative knowledge or knowledge integration practices and/or methods are discussed or inferred. Empirical studies included fall into one of three broad categories: (1) studies focused on environmental/ecological research and monitoring (i.e., those reporting on direct or indirect observation or experience from science and Indigenous knowledge; e.g., [58]); (2) studies focused on the processes and practices of bridging knowledge systems in the context of decision making (e.g., narwhal co-management [38]); and (3) studies concerned with perceptions of ecological or environmental phenomenon (e.g., perceptions of ecosystem services [72])

Geographical scope

Case studies conducted from across Canada’s three coastal and marine regions (i.e., Atlantic, Pacific, Arctic)