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Table 3 Categories, descriptions and codes of HWB utilised to code evidence [16]

From: How are nature-based solutions contributing to priority societal challenges surrounding human well-being in the United Kingdom: a systematic map

Category Definition Code
Economic living standards Income, employment, employment opportunities, wealth, poverty, savings, payments, loans HWB1
Material living standards Assets owned, access and availability of food, fiber and fuel basic infrastructure (electricity, water, telecommunications and transportation), shelter HWB2
Health Physical health, nutrition, longevity/life expectancy, maternal health, child health, access to health care, occurrence of diseases, mental health HWB3
Education Education infrastructure (access to school, access to training, quality of education); informal education (transfer of knowledge and skills includes livelihood skills, traditional knowledge and skills); formal education (degrees awarded, students enrolled) HWB4
Social relations Interactions between individuals, within and/or between groups (communities, stakeholders, ethnic groups, gender); conflict, relationships, connectedness, ability to work together, ability to help others, and trust HWB5
Security and safety Physical security (personal safety and security), resource security; tenure security; human rights; vulnerability, resilience and adaptive capacity HWB6
Governance (and empowerment) Structures and processes for decision making including both formal and informal rules; includes participation and control in decision making, accountability, justice, transparency and governance skills HWB7
Subjective well-being Measures of happiness, quality of life, satisfactions supported by some value of ecosystem(s) and/or resources HWB8
Culture and spirituality Cultural, societal and traditional values of natural resources and nature to the community; sense of home; cultural identity and heritage; spiritual or religious beliefs and/or values HWB9
Freedom of choice and action Ability to pursue what you value doing and being HWB10