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Table 4 Field surveys and involved institutes at regional and country/state level

From: What evidence exists on the impact of agricultural practices in fruit orchards on biodiversity? A systematic map

Country, stateArea (1000× km2)No of field studiesRegionArea (1000× km2)No of field studiesAffiliationMainly involved institutesComments
France64159Provence-Alpes-Côte-d’Azur313533 2 ARI: INRA (26) and CTIFL (7)Strong collaboration with other institutes especially universities
Occitanie73109 1 ARI: CTIFL (9)Strong collaboration with other institutes
Germany35744Baden-Württemberg36225863UNI: Universität Hohenheim (5); ARI and ENV: severalRather loose collaboration among institute types
Spain50644Andalusia87171511 ENV: Estación Experimental del Zaidín (CSIC) (11)Strong collaboration of Zaidin with universities and agronomic research institutes
Asturias1199   ARI: SERIDA, VillaviciosaNearly alone
Switzerland4122All cantons412213333ARI: FiBL (8) and Agroscope (5); ENV: Vogelwarte CHStrong collaboration between all institute types
USA, Washington18520Yakima County111010   ARI: Yakima Agricultural Research Laboratory, USDA-ARS, WapatoRather loose collaboration of Yakima and universities
USA, California42418Central Valley4713111 1UNI: mostly different departments of the University of California in several citiesUniversities + farm advisors in cooperative extension
CAN, British Columbia92517Okanagan Valley117674 ARI: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Summerland; ENV: Canadian Wildlife ServiceStrong collaboration between all institute types
CAN, Quebec136517Éstrie and Montérégie2216844 ARI: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu; UNI: McGill University; ENV: Canadian Wildlife ServiceStrong collaboration between the three institutes
CAN, Nova Scotia5313Annapolis Valley81394  ARI: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, KentvilleKentville was driver of IP-research in the 1960s/1970s (7)
USA, West Virginia6312Jefferson County11211 1 ARI: Appalachian Fruit Research Station, Kearneysville (USDA-ARS)Rather loose collaboration of Kearneysville and universities
USA, Pennsylvania1199Adams County19 81 UNI: different departments of the Pennsylvania State University (7)Rather loose collaboration of Pennsylvania State University with other institutes
  1. For an approximate comparison of countries/states and regions of different acreage, the table shows the area and the total number of field surveys of each country or region. This allows an appreciation of the importance that the involved institutes, i.e. the affiliation (numbers in italics), assume in research at country and regional level. The table shows all regions with nine and more publications per region (= median of all publications). If an ARI is involved in the publication, it is noted as such even if the main author is affiliated to another institute; otherwise, the main author’s affiliation is noted. Total of regional studies: Europe = 115, Canada = 46, USA = 44
  2. ARI Agronomic research institute, UNI university, ENV environmental organisation (governmental or non-governmental), COR corporations (eco-offices, trusts, private companies)