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Table 8 Most frequently measured ARGs (N ≥ 10 articles) in organic waste and number of articles (N) in which they are measured (among the 98 articles preselected for the meta-analysis)

From: How effective are strategies to control the dissemination of antibiotic resistance in the environment? A systematic review

ARGAntibiotic family targetedMechanism of resistanceaN articles
sul1SulfonamideTarget replacement48
sul2SulfonamideTarget replacement42
tetXTetracyclineAntibiotic inactivation41
tetWTetracyclineTarget protection40
tetMTetracyclineTarget protection36
ermBMacrolideTarget alteration35
tetOTetracyclineTarget protection29
ermFMacrolideTarget alteration27
tetGTetracyclineAntibiotic efflux26
tetCTetracyclineAntibiotic efflux25
tetQTetracyclineTarget protection23
tetATetracyclineAntibiotic efflux21
ermXMacrolideTarget alteration14
tetBTetracyclineAntibiotic efflux13
tetLTetracyclineAntibiotic efflux13
  1. All ATBR markers measured in these articles are available in Additional file 7. Data issued from the dataset for meta-analysis on organic waste treatments (Additional file 6)
  2. aResistance mechanisms were obtained from The Comprehensive Antibiotic Resistance Database (