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Table 2 Summary of findings for the 34 groups of articles screened according to their validity

From: What evidence exists on the impact of specific ecosystem components and functions on infectious diseases? A systematic map

Disease Group number Exposure Number of studies synthesized Findings Result sub- section
Avian Influenza 1 % of riceland 4 Variable 1.1
2 % of waterbodies 7 Variable 1.1
3 Distance to waterbodies 3 Variable 1.1
4 Vegetation cover 4 Variable 1.1
5 Contact with wildlife 2 Similar 1.2
Bovine tuberculosis 6 % of grasslands 2 Variable 2.1
7 % of forest 2 Variable 2.1
8 Host species richness 3 Variable 2.2
9 Contact with wildlife 2 Variable 2.2
Brucellosis No group     3
Chikungunya No group     4
Cryptosporidiosis No group     5
Dengue 10 % of urban land-use   Similar 6.1
Echinococcosis 11 % of grasslands 8 Similar 7.1
12 Rodent density 3 Similar 7.2
13 Predation 2 Similar 7.2
Leishmaniasis 14 % of forest 1 Similar 8.1
15 Distance to forest 3 Similar 8.1
15 Vegetation cover 3 Similar 8.1
Leptospirosis No group     9
Lyme 17 % of forest 4 Similar 10.1
18 Fragmentation of forests 5 Variable 10.1
19 Type of forest 9 Variable 10.1
20 Presence/absence of shrubs 6 Similar 10.1
21 Density of rodents 9 Variable 10.2
22 Density of cervids 12 Variable 10.2
23 Host species richness 6 Variable 10.2
24 Predation 2 Similar 10.2
Malaria 25 % of forest 4 Similar 11.1
26 Type of agroecosystem 4 Variable 11.1
Schistosomiasis 27 Vegetation cover 4 Similar 12.1
28 Predation 2 Similar 12.2
29 Host species richness 3 Similar 12.2
West Nile 30 % of urban land-use 6 Variable 13.1
31 % of forest 8 Variable 13.1
32 % of waterbodies 5 Variable 13.1
33 Host species richness 8 Variable 13.2
34 Host community composition 4 Variable 13.2