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Table 2 Definitions of some of the different static gear types [10]

From: Exploring the relationship between static fishing gear, fishing effort, and benthic biodiversity: a systematic review protocol

Gear category Gear name Definition Examples
Traps and pots Barrier traps Traps that can be closed manually by the fisher after fish enter Walls, dams, fences, fyke nets, gratings, watched chambers
Habitat traps Traps that mimic hiding places for target species Brush traps, octopus pots
Tubular traps Narrow funnels or hoses that prevent the fish from escaping backwards Eel tubes
Mechanical traps Traps that mechanically close once the target species enters Gravity traps, box traps, bent-rod traps (including whipping bough traps), torsion traps, snares
Baskets Enclosed traps and pots Pots made of wood, wire or plastic, conical and drum-like traps made of netting with hoops and frames (e.g. Drum nets) and box-like traps made with strong frames (e.g. creels)
Large open traps Large open traps or corrals with a mechanism to stop escapes. These traps can be fixed on sticks or anchors and either set or floating Corrals
Out of water traps Traps set out of the water to catch fish such as flying fish Veranda nets
Longlines Longlines A mainline with baited (occasionally unbaited) hooks at regular intervals. Can be used in the water column or on or near the seabed (where it can be referred to as a set longline or bottom longline) Set longlines, bottom longlines
Nets Gill nets Strings of single, double, or triple-walled netting which can be fished on the surface, in the water column, or on the seafloor Bottom set gill net, trammel net