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Table 2 Inclusion and exclusion criteria for the title screening

From: What evidence exists on the possible effects of urban forms on terrestrial biodiversity in western cities? A systematic map protocol

  Inclusion criteria Exclusion criteria
Population All terrestrial species (wild animal and plants) and ecosystems Freshwater, marine, and coastal biodiversity and ecosystems
Micro-organisms (archaea and bacteria)
Exposure All types of urban features (e.g. materials used, size or age of buildings) or urban form (e.g. historical centre, residential area). A first list of exposure is identified here:
- Urban form: allotment, architecture, boulevard, centre, collective, dwelling, district, historical centre, intra-urban, metropolis, neighbourhood, peri-urban, public green space, road, suburb, urban fabric, wasteland
- Urban morphology: arrangement, block, complexity, connectivity, continuous, disturbance, heterogeneity, dimension, discontinuous, division, fragmentation, heterogeneity, mosaic, shape, structure
Density: compactness, density, gradient, urbanization level, land cover, land use, housing density
- Urbanization process: urban sprawl, urban renewal, pattern, polycentric development, renaturation
- Urban functions: commercial, residential, industrial
Street furniture: bench, lamppost and pavement
Other types of exposure in the urban environment (e.g. physico-chemical and climatic exposure)
Outcomes All outcomes related to the included populations including, but not restricted to, biology/physiology (e.g. body size, growth), space use (e.g. species distribution, individual movements), ecosystem composition (e.g. species richness, abundance) and species behaviour (e.g. reproduction, predation) Measures of genetic, physico-chemical or chemical variables (e.g.: climate, temperature, carbone storage)
Context Intra-urban or city scale in cities of the temperate biogeographical zone according to Olson & Dinerstein (1998) classification of biomes: temperate broadleaf and mixed forests, temperate coniferous forests and Mediterranean forests, woodlands and scrub -Reference to rural context;
-National or regional scale;
-All other biogeographical zones (e.g.: tropical, boreal)
Language Any article written in English or in French  
Type of document Peer-reviewed journal article, book chapter, reports, PhD thesis, conference abstract and presentation, grey literature Non-peer-reviewed articles, editorial material, letters or news item, posters
Type of content In situ studies and modelling studies Reviews and meta-analyses