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Table 6 Meta-data to be extracted from the selected articles

From: What evidence exists on how changes in marine ecosystem structure and functioning affect ecosystem services delivery? A systematic map protocol





Ecosystem type

A1—Intertidal rock and other hard substrates; A2—Intertidal sediment; A3—Subtidal rock and other hard substrates; A4—Circalittoral rock and other hard substrates; A5—Subtidal sediment; A6—Deep-sea habitats; A7—Pelagic habitats; A8—Ice-associated marine habitats (sub-categories of EUNIS would be classified in its higher categories) + free space for others ecosystem types

Classification EUNIS Niveau 2—European Commission

Specific ecosystem

Tidal marsh; Seagrass; Coral reefs; Mangroves; Kelp forests + free space for others specific ecosystem types


Level of biological organisation

Species; population; community

Lausch et al. [40]; Bruford et al. [41]

Characteristics of biodiversity

Taxonomic; structural; functional


Number of ES per categories

Number of ES for the following ES categories: Provisioning services; regulating services; cultural services; disservices



Food provision; raw materials; genetic materials; water provision; water purification; air quality regulation; coastal protection; climate regulation; weather regulation; nutrients cycling; habitat provision; pest and disease control; symbolic and aesthetic values; recreation and tourism; cognitive effects; educational opportunities (related ES terms would be considered in each ES type) + free space for other ES

Préat [17]


Free space to record all EDS assessed (e.g., release of greenhouse gases, wild animal attacks)


ES-EDS components

Potential; capacity; use/flow; demand; preferences; desires


ES-EDS values

Economic; social; biophysical



Scale of study area

L: local; N−: subnational; N: national; N+: supranational; C: continental; G: global; N: no case study

Liquete et al. [19]

Location of analysis

List of country names; no application; global


Specific location

Free space


Temporal scale of analysis

Interval (time elapsed between successive temporal replicates): free space


Duration (time elapsed between first and last temporal replicates): free space

Time frame

Past; present; future


Spatial scale of analysis

Free space (e.g., « between a MPA and a no-MPA area »)


Type of data

Observation; prediction


Complementary information

Bibliographic document type

Journal article; book; book chapter; conference object; PhD thesis; technical documentation

Following Langridge et al. [42],

Bibliographic content

Study; review; modelling; meta-analysis; other


Primary data

Yes; no


Pressure type

Land/sea use change; direct exploitation; climate change; pollution; invasive alien species + free space for other pressures

IPBES [43]

Management type

Status of protection; conservation; specific management + free space for other type of management