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  1. Lepidopteran and coleopteran species are the most important pests in maize. They can be controlled using genetically modified (GM) crops expressing insecticidal Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) proteins. The long-term...

    Authors: Kai U. Priesnitz, Anja Vaasen and Achim Gathmann

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2016 5:27

    Content type: Systematic Review

    Published on:

  2. An increasing number of conservation interventions aim to reduce their negative impacts on vulnerable people and to provide incentives aimed at improving overall human well-being. Community and incentive based...

    Authors: Glenn Althor, Madeleine McKinnon, Samantha H. Cheng, Carissa Klein and James Watson

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2016 5:26

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Published on:

  3. Increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases (GHG) in the atmosphere and its impact on the climate are a pressing concern for governments around the world. Reducing GHG emissions by changing the energy produc...

    Authors: Eleni Papathanasopoulou, Ana M. Queirós, Nicola Beaumont, Tara Hooper and Joana Nunes

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2016 5:25

    Content type: Systematic Map

    Published on:

  4. Forests set aside from productive forestry are often considered best conserved by non-intervention. However, biodiversity is often maintained in natural forests by a background level of disturbance, which, in ...

    Authors: Jacqualyn Eales, Neal R. Haddaway, Claes Bernes, Steven J. Cooke, Bengt Gunnar Jonsson, Jari Kouki and Gill Petrokofsky

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2016 5:24

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Published on:

  5. Lyme disease (LD) is the most commonly reported, broadly distributed vector-borne disease of the northern temperate zone. It is transmitted by ticks and, if untreated, can cause skin, cardiac, nervous system a...

    Authors: Jo Middleton, Ian Cooper and Anja S. Rott

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2016 5:23

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Published on:

  6. Neonicotinoid insecticides (NNIs) have been routinely used in arable crop protection since their development in the early 1990s. These insecticides have been subject to the same registration procedures as othe...

    Authors: Katy L. James, Nicola P. Randall, Keith F. A. Walters, Neal R. Haddaway and Magnus Land

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2016 5:22

    Content type: Systematic Map Protocol

    Published on:

  7. Livestock grazing and ‘overabundance’ of large wild herbivores in forested areas have long been perceived as conflicting with the aims of both silviculture and forest conservation; however, certain kinds of he...

    Authors: Claes Bernes, Bengt Gunnar Jonsson, Kaisa Junninen, Asko Lõhmus, Ellen Macdonald, Jörg Müller and Jennie Sandström

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2016 5:17

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Published on:

  8. Farming on sloping lands has historically led to forest loss and degradation in China, which coupled with unsustainable timber extraction activities, was deemed responsible for catastrophic flooding events in ...

    Authors: Lucas Gutiérrez Rodríguez, Nicholas J. Hogarth, Wen Zhou, Chen Xie, Kun Zhang and Louis Putzel

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2016 5:21

    Content type: Systematic Review

    Published on:

  9. Systematic reviews and systematic maps aim to provide an overview of the best available evidence to inform research, policy and practice. However, like any form of review, they will require updating periodical...

    Authors: Helen R. Bayliss, Neal R. Haddaway, Jacqualyn Eales, Geoff K. Frampton and Katy L. James

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2016 5:20

    Content type: Methodology

    Published on:

  10. Biodiversity management requires effective decision making at various stages. However decision making in the real world is complex, driven by multiple factors and involves a range of stakeholders. Understandin...

    Authors: Nibedita Mukherjee, Lynn V. Dicks, Gorm E. Shackelford, Bhaskar Vira and William J. Sutherland

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2016 5:19

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Published on:

  11. Agriculture and agricultural intensification can have significant negative impacts on the environment, including nutrient and pesticide leaching, spreading of pathogens, soil erosion and reduction of ecosystem...

    Authors: Neal Robert Haddaway, Colin Brown, Sönke Eggers, Jonas Josefsson, Brian Kronvang, Nicola Randall and Jaana Uusi-Kämppä

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2016 5:18

    Content type: Systematic Map Protocol

    Published on:

  12. Systematic conservation planning involves the prioritisation of conservation actions to optimise biodiversity conservation outcomes whilst considering implementation challenges such as minimising costs. Thousa...

    Authors: Emma J. McIntosh, Madeleine C. McKinnon, Robert L. Pressey and Richard Grenyer

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2016 5:15

    Content type: Systematic Map Protocol

    Published on:

  13. Mesophotic coral ecosystems (MCEs) are tropical and sub-tropical reefs between 30 m and potentially >150 m depth, the maximum for photosynthetic hard corals. The definition’s upper boundary is ecologically arb...

    Authors: Jack H. Laverick, Dominic A. Andradi-Brown, Dan A. Exton, Pim Bongaerts, Tom C. L. Bridge, Michael P. Lesser, Richard L. Pyle, Marc Slattery, Daniel Wagner and Alex D. Rogers

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2016 5:16

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Published on:

  14. Canada has strong institutional capacity for science-based decision-making related to natural resource conservation and environmental management. Yet, the concept of using systematic reviews (conducted in acco...

    Authors: Steven J. Cooke, Jake C. Rice, Kent A. Prior, Robin Bloom, Olaf Jensen, David R. Browne, Lisa A. Donaldson, Joseph R. Bennett, Jesse C. Vermaire and Graeme Auld

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2016 5:14

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  15. An extensive body of evidence in the field of agro-ecology claims to show the positive effects that maintenance of ecosystem services can have on meeting future food demand by making farms more sustainable, pr...

    Authors: Jessica P. R. Thorn, Rachel Friedman, David Benz, Kathy J. Willis and Gillian Petrokofsky

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2016 5:13

    Content type: Systematic Map

    Published on:

  16. This systematic review will address the need for having a better understanding of the evidence-base for the effectiveness of different management techniques focussed on the eradication of non-native fish speci...

    Authors: Lisa A. Donaldson and Steven J. Cooke

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2016 5:12

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Published on:

  17. Alien species are severely impacting the environment, public health and socioeconomy at a global scale. Their management is thus of crucial importance and the subject of intensive research efforts. Common ragw...

    Authors: Stefan Schindler, Helen R. Bayliss, Franz Essl, Wolfgang Rabitsch, Swen Follak and Andrew S. Pullin

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2016 5:11

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Published on:

  18. Shallow nearshore marine ecosystems are changing at an increasing rate due to a range of human activities such as urbanisation and commercial development. The growing numbers of constructions and other physica...

    Authors: Biljana Macura, Oona M. Lönnstedt, Pär Byström, Laura Airoldi, Britas Klemens Eriksson, Lars Rudstam and Josianne Støttrup

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2016 5:10

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Published on:

  19. Eutrophication of aquatic environments is a major environmental problem in large parts of the world. In Europe, EU legislation (the Water Framework Directive and the Marine Strategy Framework Directive), inter...

    Authors: Magnus Land, Wilhelm Granéli, Anders Grimvall, Carl Christian Hoffmann, William J. Mitsch, Karin S. Tonderski and Jos T. A. Verhoeven

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2016 5:9

    Content type: Systematic Review

    Published on:

  20. Global policy initiatives and international conservation organizations have sought to emphasize and strengthen the link between the conservation of natural ecosystems and human development. While many indices ...

    Authors: Madeleine C. McKinnon, Samantha H. Cheng, Samuel Dupre, Janet Edmond, Ruth Garside, Louise Glew, Margaret B. Holland, Eliot Levine, Yuta J. Masuda, Daniel C. Miller, Isabella Oliveira, Justine Revenaz, Dilys Roe, Sierra Shamer, David Wilkie, Supin Wongbusarakum…

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2016 5:8

    Content type: Systematic Map

    Published on:

  21. Systematic mapping was developed in social sciences in response to a lack of empirical data when answering questions using systematic review methods, and a need for a method to describe the literature across a...

    Authors: Katy L. James, Nicola P. Randall and Neal R. Haddaway

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2016 5:7

    Content type: Methodology

    Published on:

  22. Women often use natural resources differently than men yet frequently have minimal influence on how local resources are managed. An emerging hypothesis is that empowering more women in local resource decision-...

    Authors: Craig Leisher, Gheda Temsah, Francesca Booker, Michael Day, Leah Samberg, Debra Prosnitz, Bina Agarwal, Elizabeth Matthews, Dilys Roe, Diane Russell, Terry Sunderland and David Wilkie

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2016 5:6

    Content type: Systematic Map

    Published on:

  23. The role of linear transportation infrastructures (roads, railways, oil and gas pipelines, power lines, rivers and canals) in fragmenting natural habitats has been demonstrated. Yet, the potential of habitat o...

    Authors: Arzhvaël Jeusset, Marianne Vargac, Yves Bertheau, Aurélie Coulon, Nadine Deniaud, Frédérique Flamerie De Lachapelle, Emmanuel Jaslier, Barbara Livoreil, Véronique Roy, Julien Touroult, Sylvie Vanpeene, Isabelle Witté and Romain Sordello

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2016 5:5

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Published on:

  24. In many parts of the world, roadsides are regularly managed for traffic-safety reasons. Hence, there are similarities between roadsides and certain other managed habitats, such as wooded pastures and mown or g...

    Authors: Claes Bernes, James M. Bullock, Simon Jakobsson, Maj Rundlöf, Kris Verheyen and Regina Lindborg

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2016 5:4

    Content type: Systematic Map Protocol

    Published on:

  25. The impact of climate change on public health may occur through a number of main pathways including increased temperature, ground-level ozone levels and ultra-violet radiation, which have a range of consequenc...

    Authors: Teri Knight, Sian Price, Diana Bowler and Sian King

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2016 5:3

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Published on:

  26. Loss of soil organic carbon (SOC) from agricultural land is identified as one of the major threats to soils, as it influences both fertility and the production of ecosystem services from agriculture. Losses of...

    Authors: Neal Robert Haddaway, Katarina Hedlund, Louise E. Jackson, Thomas Kätterer, Emanuele Lugato, Ingrid K. Thomsen, Helene Bracht Jørgensen and Per-Erik Isberg

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2016 5:2

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Published on:

  27. Soils contain the greatest terrestrial carbon (C) pool on the planet. Since approximately 12 % of soil C is held in cultivated soils, management of these agricultural areas has a huge potential to affect globa...

    Authors: Neal Robert Haddaway, Katarina Hedlund, Louise E. Jackson, Thomas Kätterer, Emanuele Lugato, Ingrid K. Thomsen, Helene B. Jørgensen and Per-Erik Isberg

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2016 5:1

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Published on:

  28. The biodiversity of forests set aside from forestry is often considered best preserved by non-intervention. In many protected forests, however, remaining biodiversity values are legacies of past disturbances, ...

    Authors: Claes Bernes, Bengt Gunnar Jonsson, Kaisa Junninen, Asko Lõhmus, Ellen Macdonald, Jörg Müller and Jennie Sandström

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:25

    Content type: Systematic Map

    Published on:

  29. Governance processes and structures that steer social-ecological systems and in situ forest conservation strategies such as protected areas (PAs) can be crucial for effective management and improvement of the ...

    Authors: Biljana Macura, Laura Secco and Andrew S. Pullin

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:24

    Content type: Systematic Map

    Published on:

  30. Soils contain the largest stock of organic carbon (C) in terrestrial ecosystems and changes in soil C stocks may significantly affect atmospheric CO2. A significant part of soil C is present in cultivated soils t...

    Authors: Neal R. Haddaway, Katarina Hedlund, Louise E. Jackson, Thomas Kätterer, Emanuele Lugato, Ingrid K. Thomsen, Helene Bracht Jørgensen and Bo Söderström

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:23

    Content type: Systematic Map

    Published on:

  31. Alternative livelihood projects are used by a variety of organisations as a tool for achieving biodiversity conservation. However, despite characterising many conservation approaches, very little is known abou...

    Authors: Dilys Roe, Francesca Booker, Mike Day, Wen Zhou, Sophie Allebone-Webb, Nicholas A. O. Hill, Noelle Kumpel, Gillian Petrokofsky, Kent Redford, Diane Russell, Gill Shepherd, Juliet Wright and Terry C. H. Sunderland

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:22

    Content type: Systematic Review

    Published on:

  32. The global decline of marine biodiversity and the perceived need to protect marine ecosystems from irreparable alterations to ecosystem functioning and ecosystem service provision have produced an extensive ra...

    Authors: Maria Cristina Mangano, Bethan C. O’Leary, Simone Mirto, Antonio Mazzola and Gianluca Sarà

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:21

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Published on:

  33. Although the importance of using local provenance planting stock for woodland production, habitat conservation and restoration remains contentious, the concept is easy to understand, attractive and easy to ‘se...

    Authors: David Boshier, Linda Broadhurst, Jonathan Cornelius, Leonardo Gallo, Jarkko Koskela, Judy Loo, Gillian Petrokofsky and Bradley St Clair

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:20

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Published on:

  34. Agricultural activities are estimated to contribute 70% of nitrates, 28% of phosphates and 76% of sediments measured in UK rivers. Catchments dominated by agriculture also have elevated levels of pesticides an...

    Authors: Nicola P Randall, Louise M Donnison, Paul J Lewis and Katy L James

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:18

    Content type: Systematic maps

    Published on:

  35. Forest fires, insect outbreaks, and windstorms are common forest disturbances that are expected to increase in importance in coming decades. Post-disturbance management often involves salvage logging, i.e. the...

    Authors: Alexandro B Leverkus, Lena Gustafsson, José María Rey Benayas and Jorge Castro

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:16

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Published on:

  36. There has been growing interest in mixed species plantation systems because of their potential to provide a range of socio-economic and bio-physical benefits which can be matched to the diverse needs of smallh...

    Authors: Huong Nguyen, John Herbohn, Jessica Clendenning, David Lamb, Wolfram Dressler, Jerry Vanclay and Jennifer Firn

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:15

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Published on:

  37. Increasing world population, changing consumption patterns, and the agri-food industry ambition for expansion will drive an increase in outputs from future Irish agriculture. This must be achieved within the c...

    Authors: Donnacha G Doody, Cara A Augustenborg, Paul JA Withers and Seamus Crosse

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:14

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Published on:

  38. In the fields of environmental governance and biodiversity conservation, there is a growing awareness that gender has an influence on resource use and management. Several studies argue that empowering women in...

    Authors: Craig Leisher, Gheda Temsah, Francesca Booker, Michael Day, Bina Agarwal, Elizabeth Matthews, Dilys Roe, Diane Russell, Leah Samberg, Terry Sunderland and David Wilkie

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:13

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Published on:

  39. The vast majority of households in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) depend on wood energy—comprising firewood and charcoal—for their daily energetic needs. Such consumption trends are expected to remain a common featu...

    Authors: Paolo Omar Cerutti, Phosiso Sola, Audrey Chenevoy, Miyuki Iiyama, Jummai Yila, Wen Zhou, Houria Djoudi, Richard Eba’a Atyi, Denis Jean Gautier, Davison Gumbo, Yannick Kuehl, Patrice Levang, Christopher Martius, Robin Matthews, Robert Nasi, Henry Neufeldt…

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:12

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Published on:

  40. In recent decades, many attempts have been made to restore eutrophic lakes through biomanipulation. Reducing the populations of planktivorous and benthivorous fish (either directly or through stocking of pisci...

    Authors: Claes Bernes, Stephen R Carpenter, Anna Gårdmark, Per Larsson, Lennart Persson, Christian Skov, James DM Speed and Ellen Van Donk

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:7

    Content type: Systematic review

    Published on:

  41. An extensive body of literature in the field of agro-ecology claims to show the positive effects that maintenance of ecosystem services can have on sustainably meeting future food demand, by making farms more ...

    Authors: Jessica Thorn, Jake Snaddon, Anthony Waldron, Kasper Kok, Wen Zhou, Shonil Bhagwat, Kathy Willis and Gillian Petrokofsky

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:11

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Published on:

  42. Currently, about 400 million hectares of tropical moist forests worldwide are designated production forests, about a quarter of which are managed by rural communities and indigenous peoples. There has been a g...

    Authors: Gillian Petrokofsky, Plinio Sist, Lilian Blanc, Jean-Louis Doucet, Bryan Finegan, Sylvie Gourlet-Fleury, John R Healey, Barbara Livoreil, Robert Nasi, Marielos Peña-Claros, Francis E Putz and Wen Zhou

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:8

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Published on:

  43. Invasive alien species are of global concern due to their impacts on biodiversity, related ecosystem services and on economy. A number of invasive alien species are also responsible for human health impacts, e...

    Authors: Helen R Bayliss, Stefan Schindler, Franz Essl, Wolfgang Rabitsch and Andrew S Pullin

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:10

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Published on:

  44. Agricultural activities on sloping lands have historically led to forest loss and degradation in China which, coupled with industrial pressures on the environment, were deemed responsible for catastrophic floo...

    Authors: Lucas Gutiérrez Rodríguez, Nick Hogarth, Wen Zhou, Louis Putzel, Chen Xie and Kun Zhang

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:6

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Published on:

  45. As a result of rising global food and energy insecurity, investors are increasingly seeking new opportunities in tropical developing countries endowed with comparatively cheap and abundant land resources. Pred...

    Authors: George Schoneveld, Filipe Di Matteo, Frederico Brandao, Pablo Pacheco, Idsert Jelsma and Eileen Dyer Jarnholt

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:1

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Published on:

  46. Threatened species often have small and isolated populations where mating among relatives can result in inbreeding depression increasing extinction risk. Effective management is hampered by a lack of syntheses...

    Authors: Linda E Neaves, Jacqualyn Eales, Raj Whitlock, Peter M Hollingsworth, Terry Burke and Andrew S Pullin

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:5

    Content type: Systematic review

    Published on:

  47. The reindeer (or caribou, Rangifer tarandus L.) has a natural range extending over much of Eurasia’s and North America’s arctic, alpine and boreal zones, yet its impact on vegetation is still unclear. This lack o...

    Authors: Claes Bernes, Kari Anne Bråthen, Bruce C Forbes, James DM Speed and Jon Moen

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:4

    Content type: Systematic review

    Published on:

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