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  1. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    The global decline of marine biodiversity and the perceived need to protect marine ecosystems from irreparable alterations to ecosystem functioning and ecosystem service provision have produced an extensive ra...

    Authors: Maria Cristina Mangano, Bethan C. O’Leary, Simone Mirto, Antonio Mazzola and Gianluca Sarà

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:21

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  2. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Although the importance of using local provenance planting stock for woodland production, habitat conservation and restoration remains contentious, the concept is easy to understand, attractive and easy to ‘se...

    Authors: David Boshier, Linda Broadhurst, Jonathan Cornelius, Leonardo Gallo, Jarkko Koskela, Judy Loo, Gillian Petrokofsky and Bradley St Clair

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:20

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  3. Content type: Systematic maps

    Agricultural activities are estimated to contribute 70% of nitrates, 28% of phosphates and 76% of sediments measured in UK rivers. Catchments dominated by agriculture also have elevated levels of pesticides an...

    Authors: Nicola P Randall, Louise M Donnison, Paul J Lewis and Katy L James

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:18

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  4. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Forest fires, insect outbreaks, and windstorms are common forest disturbances that are expected to increase in importance in coming decades. Post-disturbance management often involves salvage logging, i.e. the...

    Authors: Alexandro B Leverkus, Lena Gustafsson, José María Rey Benayas and Jorge Castro

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:16

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  5. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    There has been growing interest in mixed species plantation systems because of their potential to provide a range of socio-economic and bio-physical benefits which can be matched to the diverse needs of smallh...

    Authors: Huong Nguyen, John Herbohn, Jessica Clendenning, David Lamb, Wolfram Dressler, Jerry Vanclay and Jennifer Firn

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:15

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  6. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Increasing world population, changing consumption patterns, and the agri-food industry ambition for expansion will drive an increase in outputs from future Irish agriculture. This must be achieved within the c...

    Authors: Donnacha G Doody, Cara A Augustenborg, Paul JA Withers and Seamus Crosse

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:14

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  7. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    In the fields of environmental governance and biodiversity conservation, there is a growing awareness that gender has an influence on resource use and management. Several studies argue that empowering women in...

    Authors: Craig Leisher, Gheda Temsah, Francesca Booker, Michael Day, Bina Agarwal, Elizabeth Matthews, Dilys Roe, Diane Russell, Leah Samberg, Terry Sunderland and David Wilkie

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:13

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  8. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    The vast majority of households in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) depend on wood energy—comprising firewood and charcoal—for their daily energetic needs. Such consumption trends are expected to remain a common featu...

    Authors: Paolo Omar Cerutti, Phosiso Sola, Audrey Chenevoy, Miyuki Iiyama, Jummai Yila, Wen Zhou, Houria Djoudi, Richard Eba’a Atyi, Denis Jean Gautier, Davison Gumbo, Yannick Kuehl, Patrice Levang, Christopher Martius, Robin Matthews, Robert Nasi, Henry Neufeldt…

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:12

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  9. Content type: Systematic review

    In recent decades, many attempts have been made to restore eutrophic lakes through biomanipulation. Reducing the populations of planktivorous and benthivorous fish (either directly or through stocking of pisci...

    Authors: Claes Bernes, Stephen R Carpenter, Anna Gårdmark, Per Larsson, Lennart Persson, Christian Skov, James DM Speed and Ellen Van Donk

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:7

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  10. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    An extensive body of literature in the field of agro-ecology claims to show the positive effects that maintenance of ecosystem services can have on sustainably meeting future food demand, by making farms more ...

    Authors: Jessica Thorn, Jake Snaddon, Anthony Waldron, Kasper Kok, Wen Zhou, Shonil Bhagwat, Kathy Willis and Gillian Petrokofsky

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:11

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  11. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Currently, about 400 million hectares of tropical moist forests worldwide are designated production forests, about a quarter of which are managed by rural communities and indigenous peoples. There has been a g...

    Authors: Gillian Petrokofsky, Plinio Sist, Lilian Blanc, Jean-Louis Doucet, Bryan Finegan, Sylvie Gourlet-Fleury, John R Healey, Barbara Livoreil, Robert Nasi, Marielos Peña-Claros, Francis E Putz and Wen Zhou

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:8

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  12. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Invasive alien species are of global concern due to their impacts on biodiversity, related ecosystem services and on economy. A number of invasive alien species are also responsible for human health impacts, e...

    Authors: Helen R Bayliss, Stefan Schindler, Franz Essl, Wolfgang Rabitsch and Andrew S Pullin

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:10

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  13. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Agricultural activities on sloping lands have historically led to forest loss and degradation in China which, coupled with industrial pressures on the environment, were deemed responsible for catastrophic floo...

    Authors: Lucas Gutiérrez Rodríguez, Nick Hogarth, Wen Zhou, Louis Putzel, Chen Xie and Kun Zhang

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:6

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  14. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    As a result of rising global food and energy insecurity, investors are increasingly seeking new opportunities in tropical developing countries endowed with comparatively cheap and abundant land resources. Pred...

    Authors: George Schoneveld, Filipe Di Matteo, Frederico Brandao, Pablo Pacheco, Idsert Jelsma and Eileen Dyer Jarnholt

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:1

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  15. Content type: Systematic review

    Threatened species often have small and isolated populations where mating among relatives can result in inbreeding depression increasing extinction risk. Effective management is hampered by a lack of syntheses...

    Authors: Linda E Neaves, Jacqualyn Eales, Raj Whitlock, Peter M Hollingsworth, Terry Burke and Andrew S Pullin

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:5

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  16. Content type: Systematic review

    The reindeer (or caribou, Rangifer tarandus L.) has a natural range extending over much of Eurasia’s and North America’s arctic, alpine and boreal zones, yet its impact on vegetation is still unclear. This lack o...

    Authors: Claes Bernes, Kari Anne Bråthen, Bruce C Forbes, James DM Speed and Jon Moen

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:4

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  17. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    There is a growing concern in Sweden and elsewhere that continued emissions of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) may cause environmental as well as human health effects. PFASs are a broad class of ma...

    Authors: Magnus Land, Cynthia A de Wit, Ian T Cousins, Dorte Herzke, Jana Johansson and Jonathan W Martin

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:3

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  18. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    There is an increasing acceptance that sectorial approaches to land management are no longer sufficient to meet global challenges such as poverty alleviation, biodiversity conservation, and food production. Th...

    Authors: James Reed, Liz Deakin and Terry Sunderland

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:2

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  19. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Increasing concentrations of atmospheric greenhouse gases (GHG) and its impact on the climate has resulted in many international governments committing to reduce their GHG emissions. The UK, for example, has c...

    Authors: Eleni Papathanasopoulou, Ana M Queirós, Nicola Beaumont, Tara Hooper and Joana Nunes

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:26

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  20. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Increasingly, forests are on the international climate change agenda as land use and cover changes drive forest and carbon loss. The ability of forests to store carbon has created programs such as Reducing Emi...

    Authors: Stephen Syampungani, Jessica Clendenning, Davison Gumbo, Robert Nasi, Kaala Moombe, Paxie Chirwa, Natasha Ribeiro, Isla Grundy, Nalukui Matakala, Christopher Martius, Moka Kaliwile, Gillian Kabwe and Gillian Petrokofsky

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:25

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  21. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Genetically modified (GM) crops have generated a great deal of controversy. Since commercially introduced to farmers in 1996, the global area cultivated with GM crops has increased 94-fold. The rapid adoption ...

    Authors: Jaqueline Garcia-Yi, Tiptunya Lapikanonth, Hanum Vionita, Hanh Vu, Shuang Yang, Yating Zhong, Yifei Li, Veronika Nagelschneider, Birgid Schlindwein and Justus Wesseler

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:24

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  22. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Mobile bottom fishing, such as trawling and dredging, is the most widespread direct human impact on marine benthic systems. Knowledge of the impacts of different gear types on different habitats, the species m...

    Authors: Kathryn M Hughes, Michel J Kaiser, Simon Jennings, Robert A McConnaughey, Roland Pitcher, Ray Hilborn, Ricardo O Amoroso, Jeremy Collie, Jan Geert Hiddink, Ana M Parma and Adriaan Rijnsdorp

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:23

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  23. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    The traditional approach to limiting impacts of forestry on biodiversity is to set aside forest areas of particular conservation interest, either as formally protected reserves or on a voluntary basis. Many se...

    Authors: Claes Bernes, Bengt Gunnar Jonsson, Kaisa Junninen, Asko Lõhmus, Ellen Macdonald, Jörg Müller and Jennie Sandström

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:22

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  24. Content type: Systematic review

    Urban Agriculture is considered to contribute to improved food security among the income poor in urban contexts across developing countries. Much literature exists on the topic assuming a positive relationship...

    Authors: Marcel Korth, Ruth Stewart, Laurenz Langer, Nolizwe Madinga, Natalie Rebelo Da Silva, Hazel Zaranyika, Carina van Rooyen and Thea de Wet

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:21

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  25. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Community gardening is defined by its shared nature; gardeners work collectively to manage a garden for shared benefit. Although communal gardening activities, and recognition of their perceived benefits have ...

    Authors: Rebecca Lovell, Kerryn Husk, Alison Bethel and Ruth Garside

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:20

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  26. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Property rights to natural resources comprise a major policy instrument for those seeking to advance sustainable resource use and conservation. Despite decades of policy experimentation and empirical research,...

    Authors: Maria Ojanen, Daniel C Miller, Wen Zhou, Baruani Mshale, Esther Mwangi and Gillian Petrokofsky

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:19

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  27. Content type: Methodology

    Assessment of the quality of studies is a critical component of evidence syntheses such as systematic reviews (SRs) that are used to inform policy decisions. To reduce the potential for reviewer bias, and to e...

    Authors: Gary S Bilotta, Alice M Milner and Ian L Boyd

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:14

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  28. Content type: Systematic review

    Many ecosystems have developed in the presence of agriculture and cessation of management resulting from land abandonment can have significant ecological impacts. Around 56 percent of the utilised agricultural...

    Authors: Neal R Haddaway, David Styles and Andrew S Pullin

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:17

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  29. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    International policy has sought to emphasize and strengthen the link between the conservation of natural ecosystems and human development. Furthermore, international conservation organizations have broadened t...

    Authors: Madeleine Bottrill, Samantha Cheng, Ruth Garside, Supin Wongbusarakum, Dilys Roe, Margaret B Holland, Janet Edmond and Will R Turner

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:16

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  30. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    An increasing evidence base is improving our understanding of how forests and trees provide important ecosystem services to agriculture. However, the specific functions and contributions forests and trees make...

    Authors: Samson Foli, James Reed, Jessica Clendenning, Gillian Petrokofsky, Christine Padoch and Terry Sunderland

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:15

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  31. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Lepidopteran and coleopteran species are the most important insect pests in maize. These pests can be controlled by the cultivation of genetically modified crops expressing insecticidal Bt-proteins. The long term...

    Authors: Achim Gathmann and Kai U Priesnitz

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:13

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  32. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Lepidopteran and coleopteran species are the most important pests in maize. They can be controlled using genetically modified crops expressing insecticidal Bt-proteins. The long term success of this technology de...

    Authors: Achim Gathmann and Kai U Priesnitz

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:12

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  33. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Bt crops have raised environmental concerns over consequences for sustainability of soil biodiversity and ecosystems services in agricultural land. As Bt crops contain insecticidal proteins potential interaction...

    Authors: Kaloyan Kostov, Paul Henning Krogh, Christian Frølund Damgaard, Jeremy B Sweet and Niels Bohse Hendriksen

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:11

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  34. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Bt crops modified by inserting and expressing the Cry toxin from Bacillus thuringiensis have raised environmental concerns over consequences for sustainability of soil biodiversity and ecosystems services in agr...

    Authors: Kaloyan Kostov, Christian Frølund Damgaard, Niels Bohse Hendriksen, Jeremy B Sweet and Paul Henning Krogh

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:10

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  35. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Habitat fragmentation and accompanying isolation effects are among the biggest threats to global biodiversity. The goal of restoring connectivity to offset these threats has gained even greater urgency under t...

    Authors: Erik D Doerr, Veronica AJ Doerr, Micah J Davies and Heather M McGinness

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:9

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  36. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Since 1996, genetically modified (GM) crops have been grown on an ever increasing area worldwide. Maize producing a Cry protein from the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) was among the first GM crops released...

    Authors: Michael Meissle, Steven E Naranjo, Christian Kohl, Judith Riedel and Jörg Romeis

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:7

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  37. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    There are concerns that the cultivation of genetically modified herbicide tolerant (GMHT) crops treated with broad spectrum herbicides will cause declines in botanical diversity and hence loss of biodiversity....

    Authors: Jeremy Sweet and Kaloyan Kostov

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:8

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  38. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Alternative livelihood projects are used by a variety of organisations as a tool for achieving conservation results. Yet these interventions, including their objectives, vary a great deal, and there is no sing...

    Authors: Dilys Roe, Mike Day, Francesca Booker, Wen Zhou, Sophie Allebone-Webb, Noëlle Kümpel, Nicholas A O Hill, Juliet Wright, Niki Rust, Terry CH Sunderland, Kent Redford and Gillian Petrokofsky

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:6

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  39. Content type: Systematic review

    Peatlands cover 2 to 5 percent of the global land area, while storing between 30 and 50 percent of all global soil carbon (C). Peatlands constitute a substantial sink of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) via photo...

    Authors: Neal R Haddaway, Annette Burden, Chris D Evans, John R Healey, Davey L Jones, Sarah E Dalrymple and Andrew S Pullin

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:5

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  40. Content type: Systematic review

    During the past decade there has been a growing interest in bioenergy, driven by concerns about global climate change, growing energy demand, and depleting fossil fuel reserves. The predicted rise in biofuel d...

    Authors: Sini Savilaakso, Claude Garcia, John Garcia-Ulloa, Jaboury Ghazoul, Martha Groom, Manuel R Guariguata, Yves Laumonier, Robert Nasi, Gillian Petrokofsky, Jake Snaddon and Michal Zrust

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:4

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  41. Content type: Systematic review

    There is an explicit assumption in international policy statements that biodiversity can help in efforts to tackle global poverty. This systematic map was stimulated by an interest in better understanding the ...

    Authors: Dilys Roe, Max Fancourt, Chris Sandbrook, Mxolisi Sibanda, Alessandra Giuliani and Andrew Gordon-Maclean

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:3

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  42. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Changes in soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks significantly influence the atmospheric C concentration. Agricultural management practices that increase SOC stocks thus may have profound effects on climate mitigat...

    Authors: Bo Söderström, Katarina Hedlund, Louise E Jackson, Thomas Kätterer, Emanuele Lugato, Ingrid K Thomsen and Helene Bracht Jørgensen

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:2

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  43. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    With a steady increase in the area cultivated with genetically modified (GM) crops, the impacts of GM crop cultivation are coming under closer scrutiny around the world. The impacts on humans usually refer to ...

    Authors: Monica Racovita, Dennis Ndolo Obonyo, Wendy Craig and Decio Ripandelli

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:1

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  44. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Mangrove forest restoration and rehabilitation programs are increasingly undertaken to re-establish ecosystem services in the context of community-based biodiversity conservation. Restoration is returning a ha...

    Authors: Dominic A Andradi-Brown, Caroline Howe, Georgina M Mace and Andrew T Knight

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2013 2:20

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  45. Content type: Systematic review

    Establishing Protected Areas (PAs) is among the most common conservation interventions. Protecting areas from the threats posed by human activity will by definition inhibit some human actions. However, adverse...

    Authors: Andrew S Pullin, Mukdarut Bangpan, Sarah Dalrymple, Kelly Dickson, Neal R Haddaway, John R Healey, Hanan Hauari, Neal Hockley, Julia P G Jones, Teri Knight, Carol Vigurs and Sandy Oliver

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2013 2:19

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