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Table 2 Genome-editing in plants for modifying agronomically relevant traits (1996–May 2018)

From: What is the available evidence for the range of applications of genome-editing as a new tool for plant trait modification and the potential occurrence of associated off-target effects: a systematic map

Plant Developer, producer, country Trait Specification Technological specification References
Canola Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Germany Increased yield Increased shatter resistance to avoid seed loss during mechanical harvest CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [41]
Canola Huazhong Agricultural University, China Increased yield Increased seeds number per husk, higher seed weight CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [42]
Cotton Anhui Agricultural University, China; Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China Growth characteristics Improved root growth under high and low nitrogen conditions CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [43]
Cucumber Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China Growth characteristics Only female flowers CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [44]
Lettuce University of California, USA Increased yield Germination at high temperature CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [45]
Maize Benson Hill Biosystems, USA Increased yield Increased photosynthesis efficiency Meganuclease SDN3 [46]
Maize University of Wisconsin, USA Growth characteristics Early flowering under long day conditions CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [47]
Maize DuPont Pioneer, USA Growth characteristics Male sterility CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [48, 49]
University of Science and Technology Beijing, China; Beijing Solidwill Sci-Tech Co. Ltd, China CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [4]
Chinese Academy of Sciences, China CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [50]
Maize Syngenta Seeds, USA Growth characteristics Haploid induction TALENs SDN1 [51]
Potato Cellectis Plant Science, USA Storage characteristics Improved cold storage and processing traits (reduced sugars/reduced levels of acrylamide) TALENs SDN1 [52]
Rice Chinese Academy of Sciences, China Increased yield Altered grain number per panicle CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [53]
National Rice Research Institute, China CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [54]
Rice Chinese Academy of Sciences, China Increased yield Seed size/increased seed weight CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [53]
Anhui Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [55]
Fudan University, China CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [56]
Yangzhou University, China CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [57]
Agronomy College of Henan Agricultural University, China CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [58]
Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China; Yangzhou University, China CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [59]
Rice Chinese Academy of Sciences, China Growth characteristics Increased plant height, improved tiller-production, erect panicle, increased biomass CRISPR/Cas9; SDN1 [53, 60]
Wuhan Institute of Bioengineering; Huazhong Agricultural University, China CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [60]
Sichuan Agricultural University CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [61]
Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China; Yangzhou University, China CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [59]
Rice Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China; Jangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China Growth characteristics Early maturing CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [62]
Rice Kyung Hee University, South Korea Growth characteristics Male sterility CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [63]
Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [64]
South China Agricultural University, China CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [65, 66]
Sichuan Agricultural University, China CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [67, 68]
Rice Chinese Academy of Sciences, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, China Increased yield Regulation of pollen tube growth CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [69]
Rice China Agricultural University, China Storage characteristics Increased seed storage TALENs SDN1 [70]
Rice China National Rice Research Institute, China; China Three Gorges University, China Increased yield Increased seed setting rate CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [71]
Rice Anhui Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China Increased yield Longer panicle CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [55]
Rice Nanjing Agricultural University, China Increased yield Grain yield, regulation of seed development CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [72]
Rice Chinese Academy of Sciences, China Growth characteristics Decreased plant height CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [73]
Syngenta Biotechnology, China CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [74]
Rice Wuhan Institute of Bioengineering, China; Huazhong Agricultural University, China Increased yield Increased nitrogen utilization efficiency CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [60]
Rice Hunan Normal University, China Growth characteristics Regulation of seed dormancy, stomatal opening, plant developmental, abiotic stress tolerance and leaf senescence CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [75]
Soybean Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China Growth characteristics Late flowering CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [76]
Switchgrass Iowa State University, USA Growth characteristics Bushy phenotype CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [77]
Tomato National Food Research Institute, Japan Increased yield Regulating fruit ripening CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [78]
Tomato University of Minnesota, USA Growth characteristics Bigger seedlings TALENs SDN1 [79]
Tomato Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, USA; Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Germany; Université Paris-Scalay, France Growth characteristics Early flowering CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [80]
Tomato University of Florida, USA Growth characteristics Easy separation of fruit and stem CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [81]
Tomato Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, USA Increased yield Fruit size CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [82]
Tomato Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, USA Increased yield Highly branched inflorescence and formation of multiple flowers CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [82]
Tomato Weizmann Institute of Science, Israel Growth characteristics Yellow fruit color CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [83]
Weizmann Institute of Science, Israel CRISPR/Cas9 SDN 3 [84]
Tomato Weizmann Institute of Science, Israel Growth characteristics Orange fruit color CRISPR/Cas9 SDN3 [84]
Tomato Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences; Chinese Academy of Sciences, China Growth characteristics Pink fruit color CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [85]
Wheat Kansas State University, USA Increased yield Bigger grains, increased grain weight CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [86]
Chinese Academy of Sciences, China CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [87]
Wild strawberry University of Maryland, USA Growth characteristics Faster seedling growth CRISPR/Cas9 SDN1 [88]
  1. TALENs Transcription Activator-Like Effector Nucleases, CRISPR/Cas9 Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats/CRISPR associated protein 9, SDN Site directed nucleases