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Table 2 Genome-editing in plants for modifying agronomically relevant traits (1996–May 2018)

From: What is the available evidence for the range of applications of genome-editing as a new tool for plant trait modification and the potential occurrence of associated off-target effects: a systematic map

PlantDeveloper, producer, countryTraitSpecificationTechnological specificationReferences
CanolaChristian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, GermanyIncreased yieldIncreased shatter resistance to avoid seed loss during mechanical harvestCRISPR/Cas9
SDN1
[41]
CanolaHuazhong Agricultural University, ChinaIncreased yieldIncreased seeds number per husk, higher seed weightCRISPR/Cas9
SDN1
[42]
CottonAnhui Agricultural University, China; Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, ChinaGrowth characteristicsImproved root growth under high and low nitrogen conditionsCRISPR/Cas9
SDN1
[43]
CucumberChinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, ChinaGrowth characteristicsOnly female flowersCRISPR/Cas9
SDN1
[44]
LettuceUniversity of California, USAIncreased yieldGermination at high temperatureCRISPR/Cas9
SDN1
[45]
MaizeBenson Hill Biosystems, USAIncreased yieldIncreased photosynthesis efficiencyMeganuclease
SDN3
[46]
MaizeUniversity of Wisconsin, USAGrowth characteristicsEarly flowering under long day conditionsCRISPR/Cas9
SDN1
[47]
MaizeDuPont Pioneer, USAGrowth characteristicsMale sterilityCRISPR/Cas9
SDN1
[48, 49]
University of Science and Technology Beijing, China; Beijing Solidwill Sci-Tech Co. Ltd, ChinaCRISPR/Cas9
SDN1
[4]
Chinese Academy of Sciences, ChinaCRISPR/Cas9
SDN1
[50]
MaizeSyngenta Seeds, USAGrowth characteristicsHaploid inductionTALENs
SDN1
[51]
PotatoCellectis Plant Science, USAStorage characteristicsImproved cold storage and processing traits (reduced sugars/reduced levels of acrylamide)TALENs
SDN1
[52]
RiceChinese Academy of Sciences, ChinaIncreased yieldAltered grain number per panicleCRISPR/Cas9
SDN1
[53]
National Rice Research Institute, ChinaCRISPR/Cas9
SDN1
[54]
RiceChinese Academy of Sciences, ChinaIncreased yieldSeed size/increased seed weightCRISPR/Cas9
SDN1
[53]
Anhui Academy of Agricultural Sciences, ChinaCRISPR/Cas9
SDN1
[55]
Fudan University, ChinaCRISPR/Cas9
SDN1
[56]
Yangzhou University, ChinaCRISPR/Cas9
SDN1
[57]
Agronomy College of Henan Agricultural University, ChinaCRISPR/Cas9
SDN1
[58]
Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China; Yangzhou University, ChinaCRISPR/Cas9
SDN1
[59]
RiceChinese Academy of Sciences, ChinaGrowth characteristicsIncreased plant height, improved tiller-production, erect panicle, increased biomassCRISPR/Cas9;
SDN1
[53, 60]
Wuhan Institute of Bioengineering; Huazhong Agricultural University, ChinaCRISPR/Cas9
SDN1
[60]
Sichuan Agricultural UniversityCRISPR/Cas9
SDN1
[61]
Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China; Yangzhou University, ChinaCRISPR/Cas9
SDN1
[59]
RiceChinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China; Jangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, ChinaGrowth characteristicsEarly maturingCRISPR/Cas9
SDN1
[62]
RiceKyung Hee University, South KoreaGrowth characteristicsMale sterilityCRISPR/Cas9
SDN1
[63]
Shanghai Jiao Tong University, ChinaCRISPR/Cas9
SDN1
[64]
South China Agricultural University, ChinaCRISPR/Cas9
SDN1
[65, 66]
Sichuan Agricultural University, ChinaCRISPR/Cas9
SDN1
[67, 68]
RiceChinese Academy of Sciences, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, ChinaIncreased yieldRegulation of pollen tube growthCRISPR/Cas9
SDN1
[69]
RiceChina Agricultural University, ChinaStorage characteristicsIncreased seed storageTALENs
SDN1
[70]
RiceChina National Rice Research Institute, China; China Three Gorges University, ChinaIncreased yieldIncreased seed setting rateCRISPR/Cas9
SDN1
[71]
RiceAnhui Academy of Agricultural Sciences, ChinaIncreased yieldLonger panicleCRISPR/Cas9
SDN1
[55]
RiceNanjing Agricultural University, ChinaIncreased yieldGrain yield, regulation of seed developmentCRISPR/Cas9
SDN1
[72]
RiceChinese Academy of Sciences, ChinaGrowth characteristicsDecreased plant heightCRISPR/Cas9
SDN1
[73]
Syngenta Biotechnology, ChinaCRISPR/Cas9
SDN1
[74]
RiceWuhan Institute of Bioengineering, China; Huazhong Agricultural University, ChinaIncreased yieldIncreased nitrogen utilization efficiencyCRISPR/Cas9
SDN1
[60]
RiceHunan Normal University, ChinaGrowth characteristicsRegulation of seed dormancy, stomatal opening, plant developmental, abiotic stress tolerance and leaf senescenceCRISPR/Cas9
SDN1
[75]
SoybeanChinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, ChinaGrowth characteristicsLate floweringCRISPR/Cas9
SDN1
[76]
SwitchgrassIowa State University, USAGrowth characteristicsBushy phenotypeCRISPR/Cas9
SDN1
[77]
TomatoNational Food Research Institute, JapanIncreased yieldRegulating fruit ripeningCRISPR/Cas9
SDN1
[78]
TomatoUniversity of Minnesota, USAGrowth characteristicsBigger seedlingsTALENs
SDN1
[79]
TomatoCold Spring Harbor Laboratory, USA; Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Germany; Université Paris-Scalay, FranceGrowth characteristicsEarly floweringCRISPR/Cas9
SDN1
[80]
TomatoUniversity of Florida, USAGrowth characteristicsEasy separation of fruit and stemCRISPR/Cas9
SDN1
[81]
TomatoCold Spring Harbor Laboratory, USAIncreased yieldFruit sizeCRISPR/Cas9
SDN1
[82]
TomatoCold Spring Harbor Laboratory, USAIncreased yieldHighly branched inflorescence and formation of multiple flowersCRISPR/Cas9
SDN1
[82]
TomatoWeizmann Institute of Science, IsraelGrowth characteristicsYellow fruit colorCRISPR/Cas9
SDN1
[83]
Weizmann Institute of Science, IsraelCRISPR/Cas9
SDN 3
[84]
TomatoWeizmann Institute of Science, IsraelGrowth characteristicsOrange fruit colorCRISPR/Cas9
SDN3
[84]
TomatoAcademy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences; Chinese Academy of Sciences, ChinaGrowth characteristicsPink fruit colorCRISPR/Cas9
SDN1
[85]
WheatKansas State University, USAIncreased yieldBigger grains, increased grain weightCRISPR/Cas9
SDN1
[86]
Chinese Academy of Sciences, ChinaCRISPR/Cas9
SDN1
[87]
Wild strawberryUniversity of Maryland, USAGrowth characteristicsFaster seedling growthCRISPR/Cas9
SDN1
[88]
  1. TALENs Transcription Activator-Like Effector Nucleases, CRISPR/Cas9 Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats/CRISPR associated protein 9, SDN Site directed nucleases