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  1. Systematic mapping was developed in social sciences in response to a lack of empirical data when answering questions using systematic review methods, and a need for a method to describe the literature across a...

    Authors: Katy L. James, Nicola P. Randall and Neal R. Haddaway

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2016 5:7

    Content type: Methodology

    Published on:

  2. Women often use natural resources differently than men yet frequently have minimal influence on how local resources are managed. An emerging hypothesis is that empowering more women in local resource decision-...

    Authors: Craig Leisher, Gheda Temsah, Francesca Booker, Michael Day, Leah Samberg, Debra Prosnitz, Bina Agarwal, Elizabeth Matthews, Dilys Roe, Diane Russell, Terry Sunderland and David Wilkie

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2016 5:6

    Content type: Systematic Map

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  3. The role of linear transportation infrastructures (roads, railways, oil and gas pipelines, power lines, rivers and canals) in fragmenting natural habitats has been demonstrated. Yet, the potential of habitat o...

    Authors: Arzhvaël Jeusset, Marianne Vargac, Yves Bertheau, Aurélie Coulon, Nadine Deniaud, Frédérique Flamerie De Lachapelle, Emmanuel Jaslier, Barbara Livoreil, Véronique Roy, Julien Touroult, Sylvie Vanpeene, Isabelle Witté and Romain Sordello

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2016 5:5

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

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  4. In many parts of the world, roadsides are regularly managed for traffic-safety reasons. Hence, there are similarities between roadsides and certain other managed habitats, such as wooded pastures and mown or g...

    Authors: Claes Bernes, James M. Bullock, Simon Jakobsson, Maj Rundlöf, Kris Verheyen and Regina Lindborg

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2016 5:4

    Content type: Systematic Map Protocol

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  5. The impact of climate change on public health may occur through a number of main pathways including increased temperature, ground-level ozone levels and ultra-violet radiation, which have a range of consequenc...

    Authors: Teri Knight, Sian Price, Diana Bowler and Sian King

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2016 5:3

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

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  6. Loss of soil organic carbon (SOC) from agricultural land is identified as one of the major threats to soils, as it influences both fertility and the production of ecosystem services from agriculture. Losses of...

    Authors: Neal Robert Haddaway, Katarina Hedlund, Louise E. Jackson, Thomas Kätterer, Emanuele Lugato, Ingrid K. Thomsen, Helene Bracht Jørgensen and Per-Erik Isberg

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2016 5:2

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

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  7. Soils contain the greatest terrestrial carbon (C) pool on the planet. Since approximately 12 % of soil C is held in cultivated soils, management of these agricultural areas has a huge potential to affect globa...

    Authors: Neal Robert Haddaway, Katarina Hedlund, Louise E. Jackson, Thomas Kätterer, Emanuele Lugato, Ingrid K. Thomsen, Helene B. Jørgensen and Per-Erik Isberg

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2016 5:1

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

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  8. The biodiversity of forests set aside from forestry is often considered best preserved by non-intervention. In many protected forests, however, remaining biodiversity values are legacies of past disturbances, ...

    Authors: Claes Bernes, Bengt Gunnar Jonsson, Kaisa Junninen, Asko Lõhmus, Ellen Macdonald, Jörg Müller and Jennie Sandström

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:25

    Content type: Systematic Map

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  9. Governance processes and structures that steer social-ecological systems and in situ forest conservation strategies such as protected areas (PAs) can be crucial for effective management and improvement of the ...

    Authors: Biljana Macura, Laura Secco and Andrew S. Pullin

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:24

    Content type: Systematic Map

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  10. Soils contain the largest stock of organic carbon (C) in terrestrial ecosystems and changes in soil C stocks may significantly affect atmospheric CO2. A significant part of soil C is present in cultivated soils t...

    Authors: Neal R. Haddaway, Katarina Hedlund, Louise E. Jackson, Thomas Kätterer, Emanuele Lugato, Ingrid K. Thomsen, Helene Bracht Jørgensen and Bo Söderström

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:23

    Content type: Systematic Map

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  11. Alternative livelihood projects are used by a variety of organisations as a tool for achieving biodiversity conservation. However, despite characterising many conservation approaches, very little is known abou...

    Authors: Dilys Roe, Francesca Booker, Mike Day, Wen Zhou, Sophie Allebone-Webb, Nicholas A. O. Hill, Noelle Kumpel, Gillian Petrokofsky, Kent Redford, Diane Russell, Gill Shepherd, Juliet Wright and Terry C. H. Sunderland

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:22

    Content type: Systematic Review

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  12. The global decline of marine biodiversity and the perceived need to protect marine ecosystems from irreparable alterations to ecosystem functioning and ecosystem service provision have produced an extensive ra...

    Authors: Maria Cristina Mangano, Bethan C. O’Leary, Simone Mirto, Antonio Mazzola and Gianluca Sarà

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:21

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

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  13. Although the importance of using local provenance planting stock for woodland production, habitat conservation and restoration remains contentious, the concept is easy to understand, attractive and easy to ‘se...

    Authors: David Boshier, Linda Broadhurst, Jonathan Cornelius, Leonardo Gallo, Jarkko Koskela, Judy Loo, Gillian Petrokofsky and Bradley St Clair

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:20

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

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  14. Agricultural activities are estimated to contribute 70% of nitrates, 28% of phosphates and 76% of sediments measured in UK rivers. Catchments dominated by agriculture also have elevated levels of pesticides an...

    Authors: Nicola P Randall, Louise M Donnison, Paul J Lewis and Katy L James

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:18

    Content type: Systematic maps

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  15. Forest fires, insect outbreaks, and windstorms are common forest disturbances that are expected to increase in importance in coming decades. Post-disturbance management often involves salvage logging, i.e. the...

    Authors: Alexandro B Leverkus, Lena Gustafsson, José María Rey Benayas and Jorge Castro

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:16

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

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  16. There has been growing interest in mixed species plantation systems because of their potential to provide a range of socio-economic and bio-physical benefits which can be matched to the diverse needs of smallh...

    Authors: Huong Nguyen, John Herbohn, Jessica Clendenning, David Lamb, Wolfram Dressler, Jerry Vanclay and Jennifer Firn

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:15

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

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  17. Increasing world population, changing consumption patterns, and the agri-food industry ambition for expansion will drive an increase in outputs from future Irish agriculture. This must be achieved within the c...

    Authors: Donnacha G Doody, Cara A Augustenborg, Paul JA Withers and Seamus Crosse

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:14

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

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  18. In the fields of environmental governance and biodiversity conservation, there is a growing awareness that gender has an influence on resource use and management. Several studies argue that empowering women in...

    Authors: Craig Leisher, Gheda Temsah, Francesca Booker, Michael Day, Bina Agarwal, Elizabeth Matthews, Dilys Roe, Diane Russell, Leah Samberg, Terry Sunderland and David Wilkie

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:13

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Published on:

  19. The vast majority of households in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) depend on wood energy—comprising firewood and charcoal—for their daily energetic needs. Such consumption trends are expected to remain a common featu...

    Authors: Paolo Omar Cerutti, Phosiso Sola, Audrey Chenevoy, Miyuki Iiyama, Jummai Yila, Wen Zhou, Houria Djoudi, Richard Eba’a Atyi, Denis Jean Gautier, Davison Gumbo, Yannick Kuehl, Patrice Levang, Christopher Martius, Robin Matthews, Robert Nasi, Henry Neufeldt…

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:12

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

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  20. In recent decades, many attempts have been made to restore eutrophic lakes through biomanipulation. Reducing the populations of planktivorous and benthivorous fish (either directly or through stocking of pisci...

    Authors: Claes Bernes, Stephen R Carpenter, Anna Gårdmark, Per Larsson, Lennart Persson, Christian Skov, James DM Speed and Ellen Van Donk

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:7

    Content type: Systematic review

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  21. An extensive body of literature in the field of agro-ecology claims to show the positive effects that maintenance of ecosystem services can have on sustainably meeting future food demand, by making farms more ...

    Authors: Jessica Thorn, Jake Snaddon, Anthony Waldron, Kasper Kok, Wen Zhou, Shonil Bhagwat, Kathy Willis and Gillian Petrokofsky

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:11

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

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  22. Currently, about 400 million hectares of tropical moist forests worldwide are designated production forests, about a quarter of which are managed by rural communities and indigenous peoples. There has been a g...

    Authors: Gillian Petrokofsky, Plinio Sist, Lilian Blanc, Jean-Louis Doucet, Bryan Finegan, Sylvie Gourlet-Fleury, John R Healey, Barbara Livoreil, Robert Nasi, Marielos Peña-Claros, Francis E Putz and Wen Zhou

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:8

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

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  23. Invasive alien species are of global concern due to their impacts on biodiversity, related ecosystem services and on economy. A number of invasive alien species are also responsible for human health impacts, e...

    Authors: Helen R Bayliss, Stefan Schindler, Franz Essl, Wolfgang Rabitsch and Andrew S Pullin

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:10

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

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  24. Agricultural activities on sloping lands have historically led to forest loss and degradation in China which, coupled with industrial pressures on the environment, were deemed responsible for catastrophic floo...

    Authors: Lucas Gutiérrez Rodríguez, Nick Hogarth, Wen Zhou, Louis Putzel, Chen Xie and Kun Zhang

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:6

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

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  25. As a result of rising global food and energy insecurity, investors are increasingly seeking new opportunities in tropical developing countries endowed with comparatively cheap and abundant land resources. Pred...

    Authors: George Schoneveld, Filipe Di Matteo, Frederico Brandao, Pablo Pacheco, Idsert Jelsma and Eileen Dyer Jarnholt

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:1

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

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  26. Threatened species often have small and isolated populations where mating among relatives can result in inbreeding depression increasing extinction risk. Effective management is hampered by a lack of syntheses...

    Authors: Linda E Neaves, Jacqualyn Eales, Raj Whitlock, Peter M Hollingsworth, Terry Burke and Andrew S Pullin

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:5

    Content type: Systematic review

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  27. The reindeer (or caribou, Rangifer tarandus L.) has a natural range extending over much of Eurasia’s and North America’s arctic, alpine and boreal zones, yet its impact on vegetation is still unclear. This lack o...

    Authors: Claes Bernes, Kari Anne Bråthen, Bruce C Forbes, James DM Speed and Jon Moen

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:4

    Content type: Systematic review

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  28. There is a growing concern in Sweden and elsewhere that continued emissions of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) may cause environmental as well as human health effects. PFASs are a broad class of ma...

    Authors: Magnus Land, Cynthia A de Wit, Ian T Cousins, Dorte Herzke, Jana Johansson and Jonathan W Martin

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:3

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

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  29. There is an increasing acceptance that sectorial approaches to land management are no longer sufficient to meet global challenges such as poverty alleviation, biodiversity conservation, and food production. Th...

    Authors: James Reed, Liz Deakin and Terry Sunderland

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2015 4:2

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

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  30. Increasing concentrations of atmospheric greenhouse gases (GHG) and its impact on the climate has resulted in many international governments committing to reduce their GHG emissions. The UK, for example, has c...

    Authors: Eleni Papathanasopoulou, Ana M Queirós, Nicola Beaumont, Tara Hooper and Joana Nunes

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:26

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

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  31. Increasingly, forests are on the international climate change agenda as land use and cover changes drive forest and carbon loss. The ability of forests to store carbon has created programs such as Reducing Emi...

    Authors: Stephen Syampungani, Jessica Clendenning, Davison Gumbo, Robert Nasi, Kaala Moombe, Paxie Chirwa, Natasha Ribeiro, Isla Grundy, Nalukui Matakala, Christopher Martius, Moka Kaliwile, Gillian Kabwe and Gillian Petrokofsky

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:25

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

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  32. Genetically modified (GM) crops have generated a great deal of controversy. Since commercially introduced to farmers in 1996, the global area cultivated with GM crops has increased 94-fold. The rapid adoption ...

    Authors: Jaqueline Garcia-Yi, Tiptunya Lapikanonth, Hanum Vionita, Hanh Vu, Shuang Yang, Yating Zhong, Yifei Li, Veronika Nagelschneider, Birgid Schlindwein and Justus Wesseler

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:24

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

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  33. Mobile bottom fishing, such as trawling and dredging, is the most widespread direct human impact on marine benthic systems. Knowledge of the impacts of different gear types on different habitats, the species m...

    Authors: Kathryn M Hughes, Michel J Kaiser, Simon Jennings, Robert A McConnaughey, Roland Pitcher, Ray Hilborn, Ricardo O Amoroso, Jeremy Collie, Jan Geert Hiddink, Ana M Parma and Adriaan Rijnsdorp

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:23

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

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  34. The traditional approach to limiting impacts of forestry on biodiversity is to set aside forest areas of particular conservation interest, either as formally protected reserves or on a voluntary basis. Many se...

    Authors: Claes Bernes, Bengt Gunnar Jonsson, Kaisa Junninen, Asko Lõhmus, Ellen Macdonald, Jörg Müller and Jennie Sandström

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:22

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

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  35. Urban Agriculture is considered to contribute to improved food security among the income poor in urban contexts across developing countries. Much literature exists on the topic assuming a positive relationship...

    Authors: Marcel Korth, Ruth Stewart, Laurenz Langer, Nolizwe Madinga, Natalie Rebelo Da Silva, Hazel Zaranyika, Carina van Rooyen and Thea de Wet

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:21

    Content type: Systematic review

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  36. Community gardening is defined by its shared nature; gardeners work collectively to manage a garden for shared benefit. Although communal gardening activities, and recognition of their perceived benefits have ...

    Authors: Rebecca Lovell, Kerryn Husk, Alison Bethel and Ruth Garside

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:20

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

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  37. Property rights to natural resources comprise a major policy instrument for those seeking to advance sustainable resource use and conservation. Despite decades of policy experimentation and empirical research,...

    Authors: Maria Ojanen, Daniel C Miller, Wen Zhou, Baruani Mshale, Esther Mwangi and Gillian Petrokofsky

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:19

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

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  38. Assessment of the quality of studies is a critical component of evidence syntheses such as systematic reviews (SRs) that are used to inform policy decisions. To reduce the potential for reviewer bias, and to e...

    Authors: Gary S Bilotta, Alice M Milner and Ian L Boyd

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:14

    Content type: Methodology

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  39. Many ecosystems have developed in the presence of agriculture and cessation of management resulting from land abandonment can have significant ecological impacts. Around 56 percent of the utilised agricultural...

    Authors: Neal R Haddaway, David Styles and Andrew S Pullin

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:17

    Content type: Systematic review

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  40. International policy has sought to emphasize and strengthen the link between the conservation of natural ecosystems and human development. Furthermore, international conservation organizations have broadened t...

    Authors: Madeleine Bottrill, Samantha Cheng, Ruth Garside, Supin Wongbusarakum, Dilys Roe, Margaret B Holland, Janet Edmond and Will R Turner

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:16

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

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  41. An increasing evidence base is improving our understanding of how forests and trees provide important ecosystem services to agriculture. However, the specific functions and contributions forests and trees make...

    Authors: Samson Foli, James Reed, Jessica Clendenning, Gillian Petrokofsky, Christine Padoch and Terry Sunderland

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:15

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

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  42. Lepidopteran and coleopteran species are the most important insect pests in maize. These pests can be controlled by the cultivation of genetically modified crops expressing insecticidal Bt-proteins. The long term...

    Authors: Achim Gathmann and Kai U Priesnitz

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:13

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

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  43. Lepidopteran and coleopteran species are the most important pests in maize. They can be controlled using genetically modified crops expressing insecticidal Bt-proteins. The long term success of this technology de...

    Authors: Achim Gathmann and Kai U Priesnitz

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:12

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Published on:

  44. Bt crops have raised environmental concerns over consequences for sustainability of soil biodiversity and ecosystems services in agricultural land. As Bt crops contain insecticidal proteins potential interaction...

    Authors: Kaloyan Kostov, Paul Henning Krogh, Christian Frølund Damgaard, Jeremy B Sweet and Niels Bohse Hendriksen

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:11

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Published on:

  45. Bt crops modified by inserting and expressing the Cry toxin from Bacillus thuringiensis have raised environmental concerns over consequences for sustainability of soil biodiversity and ecosystems services in agr...

    Authors: Kaloyan Kostov, Christian Frølund Damgaard, Niels Bohse Hendriksen, Jeremy B Sweet and Paul Henning Krogh

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:10

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Published on:

  46. Habitat fragmentation and accompanying isolation effects are among the biggest threats to global biodiversity. The goal of restoring connectivity to offset these threats has gained even greater urgency under t...

    Authors: Erik D Doerr, Veronica AJ Doerr, Micah J Davies and Heather M McGinness

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:9

    Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

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