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  1. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    The traditional approach to limiting impacts of forestry on biodiversity is to set aside forest areas of particular conservation interest, either as formally protected reserves or on a voluntary basis. Many se...

    Authors: Claes Bernes, Bengt Gunnar Jonsson, Kaisa Junninen, Asko Lõhmus, Ellen Macdonald, Jörg Müller and Jennie Sandström

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:22

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  2. Content type: Systematic review

    Urban Agriculture is considered to contribute to improved food security among the income poor in urban contexts across developing countries. Much literature exists on the topic assuming a positive relationship...

    Authors: Marcel Korth, Ruth Stewart, Laurenz Langer, Nolizwe Madinga, Natalie Rebelo Da Silva, Hazel Zaranyika, Carina van Rooyen and Thea de Wet

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:21

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  3. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Community gardening is defined by its shared nature; gardeners work collectively to manage a garden for shared benefit. Although communal gardening activities, and recognition of their perceived benefits have ...

    Authors: Rebecca Lovell, Kerryn Husk, Alison Bethel and Ruth Garside

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:20

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  4. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Property rights to natural resources comprise a major policy instrument for those seeking to advance sustainable resource use and conservation. Despite decades of policy experimentation and empirical research,...

    Authors: Maria Ojanen, Daniel C Miller, Wen Zhou, Baruani Mshale, Esther Mwangi and Gillian Petrokofsky

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:19

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  5. Content type: Methodology

    Assessment of the quality of studies is a critical component of evidence syntheses such as systematic reviews (SRs) that are used to inform policy decisions. To reduce the potential for reviewer bias, and to e...

    Authors: Gary S Bilotta, Alice M Milner and Ian L Boyd

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:14

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  6. Content type: Systematic review

    Many ecosystems have developed in the presence of agriculture and cessation of management resulting from land abandonment can have significant ecological impacts. Around 56 percent of the utilised agricultural...

    Authors: Neal R Haddaway, David Styles and Andrew S Pullin

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:17

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  7. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    International policy has sought to emphasize and strengthen the link between the conservation of natural ecosystems and human development. Furthermore, international conservation organizations have broadened t...

    Authors: Madeleine Bottrill, Samantha Cheng, Ruth Garside, Supin Wongbusarakum, Dilys Roe, Margaret B Holland, Janet Edmond and Will R Turner

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:16

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  8. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    An increasing evidence base is improving our understanding of how forests and trees provide important ecosystem services to agriculture. However, the specific functions and contributions forests and trees make...

    Authors: Samson Foli, James Reed, Jessica Clendenning, Gillian Petrokofsky, Christine Padoch and Terry Sunderland

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:15

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  9. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Lepidopteran and coleopteran species are the most important insect pests in maize. These pests can be controlled by the cultivation of genetically modified crops expressing insecticidal Bt-proteins. The long term...

    Authors: Achim Gathmann and Kai U Priesnitz

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:13

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  10. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Lepidopteran and coleopteran species are the most important pests in maize. They can be controlled using genetically modified crops expressing insecticidal Bt-proteins. The long term success of this technology de...

    Authors: Achim Gathmann and Kai U Priesnitz

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:12

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  11. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Bt crops have raised environmental concerns over consequences for sustainability of soil biodiversity and ecosystems services in agricultural land. As Bt crops contain insecticidal proteins potential interaction...

    Authors: Kaloyan Kostov, Paul Henning Krogh, Christian Frølund Damgaard, Jeremy B Sweet and Niels Bohse Hendriksen

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:11

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  12. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Bt crops modified by inserting and expressing the Cry toxin from Bacillus thuringiensis have raised environmental concerns over consequences for sustainability of soil biodiversity and ecosystems services in agr...

    Authors: Kaloyan Kostov, Christian Frølund Damgaard, Niels Bohse Hendriksen, Jeremy B Sweet and Paul Henning Krogh

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:10

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  13. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Habitat fragmentation and accompanying isolation effects are among the biggest threats to global biodiversity. The goal of restoring connectivity to offset these threats has gained even greater urgency under t...

    Authors: Erik D Doerr, Veronica AJ Doerr, Micah J Davies and Heather M McGinness

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:9

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  14. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    There are concerns that the cultivation of genetically modified herbicide tolerant (GMHT) crops treated with broad spectrum herbicides will cause declines in botanical diversity and hence loss of biodiversity....

    Authors: Jeremy Sweet and Kaloyan Kostov

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:8

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  15. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Since 1996, genetically modified (GM) crops have been grown on an ever increasing area worldwide. Maize producing a Cry protein from the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) was among the first GM crops released...

    Authors: Michael Meissle, Steven E Naranjo, Christian Kohl, Judith Riedel and Jörg Romeis

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:7

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  16. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Alternative livelihood projects are used by a variety of organisations as a tool for achieving conservation results. Yet these interventions, including their objectives, vary a great deal, and there is no sing...

    Authors: Dilys Roe, Mike Day, Francesca Booker, Wen Zhou, Sophie Allebone-Webb, Noëlle Kümpel, Nicholas A O Hill, Juliet Wright, Niki Rust, Terry CH Sunderland, Kent Redford and Gillian Petrokofsky

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:6

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  17. Content type: Systematic review

    Peatlands cover 2 to 5 percent of the global land area, while storing between 30 and 50 percent of all global soil carbon (C). Peatlands constitute a substantial sink of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) via photo...

    Authors: Neal R Haddaway, Annette Burden, Chris D Evans, John R Healey, Davey L Jones, Sarah E Dalrymple and Andrew S Pullin

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:5

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  18. Content type: Systematic review

    During the past decade there has been a growing interest in bioenergy, driven by concerns about global climate change, growing energy demand, and depleting fossil fuel reserves. The predicted rise in biofuel d...

    Authors: Sini Savilaakso, Claude Garcia, John Garcia-Ulloa, Jaboury Ghazoul, Martha Groom, Manuel R Guariguata, Yves Laumonier, Robert Nasi, Gillian Petrokofsky, Jake Snaddon and Michal Zrust

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:4

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  19. Content type: Systematic review

    There is an explicit assumption in international policy statements that biodiversity can help in efforts to tackle global poverty. This systematic map was stimulated by an interest in better understanding the ...

    Authors: Dilys Roe, Max Fancourt, Chris Sandbrook, Mxolisi Sibanda, Alessandra Giuliani and Andrew Gordon-Maclean

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:3

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  20. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Changes in soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks significantly influence the atmospheric C concentration. Agricultural management practices that increase SOC stocks thus may have profound effects on climate mitigat...

    Authors: Bo Söderström, Katarina Hedlund, Louise E Jackson, Thomas Kätterer, Emanuele Lugato, Ingrid K Thomsen and Helene Bracht Jørgensen

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:2

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  21. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    With a steady increase in the area cultivated with genetically modified (GM) crops, the impacts of GM crop cultivation are coming under closer scrutiny around the world. The impacts on humans usually refer to ...

    Authors: Monica Racovita, Dennis Ndolo Obonyo, Wendy Craig and Decio Ripandelli

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:1

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  22. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Mangrove forest restoration and rehabilitation programs are increasingly undertaken to re-establish ecosystem services in the context of community-based biodiversity conservation. Restoration is returning a ha...

    Authors: Dominic A Andradi-Brown, Caroline Howe, Georgina M Mace and Andrew T Knight

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2013 2:20

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  23. Content type: Systematic review

    Establishing Protected Areas (PAs) is among the most common conservation interventions. Protecting areas from the threats posed by human activity will by definition inhibit some human actions. However, adverse...

    Authors: Andrew S Pullin, Mukdarut Bangpan, Sarah Dalrymple, Kelly Dickson, Neal R Haddaway, John R Healey, Hanan Hauari, Neal Hockley, Julia P G Jones, Teri Knight, Carol Vigurs and Sandy Oliver

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2013 2:19

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  24. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Environmental impacts of farm land abandonment can be viewed as either an opportunity for ecological restoration to a state prior to agricultural establishment, or as the loss of an on-going process of land ma...

    Authors: Neal R Haddaway, David Styles and Andrew S Pullin

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2013 2:18

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  25. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Biofuels, or fuels derived from transformation of biological matter, are hailed by some as a promising source of renewable energy potentially reducing greenhouse gas emissions. A widespread adoption of biofuel...

    Authors: Sini Savilaakso, Yves Laumonier, Manuel R Guariguata and Robert Nasi

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2013 2:17

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  26. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Eutrophication of aquatic environments is a major environmental problem in large parts of the world. In Europe, EU legislation (the Water Framework Directive and the Marine Strategy Framework Directive), inter...

    Authors: Magnus Land, Wilhelm Granéli, Anders Grimvall, Carl Christian Hoffmann, William J Mitsch, Karin S Tonderski and Jos TA Verhoeven

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2013 2:16

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  27. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Kelp forests are highly productive ecosystem engineers of rocky cold-water marine coastlines, providing shelter, habitat and food for a variety of associated organisms. Several factors have been related with a...

    Authors: Rita M Araujo, Inka Bartsch, Trine Bekkby, Karim Erzini and Isbel Sousa-Pinto

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2013 2:15

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  28. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    In context of protected areas (PAs), governance can be defined as a set of processes, procedures, resources, institutions and actors that determine how decisions are made and implemented. Current governance mo...

    Authors: Biljana Macura, Laura Secco and Andrew S Pullin

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2013 2:14

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  29. Content type: Systematic review

    The translocation of plants or animals between populations has been used in conservation to reinforce populations of threatened species, and may be used in the future to buffer species’ ranges from the anticip...

    Authors: Raj Whitlock, Gavin B Stewart, Simon J Goodman, Stuart B Piertney, Roger K Butlin, Andrew S Pullin and Terry Burke

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2013 2:13

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  30. Content type: Systematic review

    Within developing countries, groundwater provides an alternative drinking source to polluted surface water. However, the presence of arsenic in some groundwater sources has resulted in chronic worldwide poison...

    Authors: Tracey Jones-Hughes, Jaime Peters, Rebecca Whear, Chris Cooper, Hywel Evans, Michael Depledge and Mark Pearson

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2013 2:11

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  31. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Floodplains are among the most diverse, dynamic, productive and populated but also the most threatened ecosystems on Earth. Threats are mainly related to human activities that alter the landscape and disrupt f...

    Authors: Stefan Schindler, Michaela Kropik, Katrin Euller, Stuart W Bunting, Christiane Schulz-Zunkel, Anna Hermann, Christa Hainz-Renetzeder, Robert Kanka, Volker Mauerhofer, Viktor Gasso, Andreas Krug, Sophie G Lauwaars, Klaus Peter Zulka, Klaus Henle, Maurice Hoffmann, Marianna Biró…

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2013 2:10

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  32. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    In lakes that have become eutrophic due to sewage discharges or nutrient runoff from land, problems such as algal blooms and oxygen deficiency often persist even when nutrient supplies have been reduced. One r...

    Authors: Claes Bernes, Stephen R Carpenter, Anna Gårdmark, Per Larsson, Lennart Persson, Christian Skov and Ellen Van Donk

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2013 2:9

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  33. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    The assumption that biodiversity and ecosystem services can help in efforts to tackle poverty is implicit in international targets set for biodiversity conservation (by the Convention on Biological Diversity) ...

    Authors: Dilys Roe, Chris Sandbrook, Max Fancourt, Bjorn Schulte, Robert Munroe and Mxolisi Sibanda

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2013 2:8

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in Environmental Evidence 2013 2:12

  34. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Issues of food security and nutrition have wide reaching implications for people and their environments, particularly in low and middle-income countries. One proposed solution is urban agriculture, which has b...

    Authors: Ruth Stewart, Marcel Korth, Laurenz Langer, Shannon Rafferty, Natalie Rebelo Da Silva and Carina van Rooyen

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2013 2:7

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  35. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Reindeer and caribou (both belonging to the species Rangifer tarandus L.) are among the most important large herbivores in Eurasia’s and North America’s arctic, alpine and boreal zones. In Sweden, the impact of r...

    Authors: Claes Bernes, Kari Anne Bråthen, Bruce C Forbes, Annika Hofgaard, Jon Moen and James DM Speed

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2013 2:6

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  36. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Invasive species have been reported as one of the leading causes of species extinction. However, the evidence to support or contest their effects on the decline and/or extinction of threatened species has been...

    Authors: Philip D Roberts, Hilda Diaz-Soltero, David J Hemming, Martin J Parr, Nicola H Wakefield and Holly J Wright

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2013 2:5

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  37. Content type: Systematic review

    Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) encompass a range of protection levels, from fully protected no-take areas to restriction of only particular activities, gear types, user groups, target species or extraction peri...

    Authors: Marija Sciberras, Stuart R Jenkins, Michel J Kaiser, Stephen J Hawkins and Andrew S Pullin

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2013 2:4

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  38. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Obscured by the more prevalent discussion of intensification and expansion of agricultural land, the impacts of the abandonment of many grasslands and croplands of the world in recent decades have received lim...

    Authors: Tobias Plieninger, Mirijam Gaertner, Cang Hui and Lynn Huntsinger

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2013 2:3

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  39. Content type: Systematic review

    Community-based conservation (CBC) promotes the idea that long-term conservation success requires engaging with, and providing benefits for local communities. Though widespread, CBC projects are not always suc...

    Authors: Jeremy Brooks, Kerry Ann Waylen and Monique Borgerhoff Mulder

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2013 2:2

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  40. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    A high priority topic within the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) water quality programme is the mitigation of diffuse rural pollution from agriculture. Wetlands are often cited as be...

    Authors: Elizabeth J Palmer-Felgate, Mike C Acreman, Jos TA Verhoeven, Miklas Scholz, Edward Maltby, Charlie J Stratford, Jonathan Newman, James Miller and Deborah Coughlin

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2013 2:1

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  41. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    The extraction of water and alteration of flow regimes by humans have profound negative effects on river ecosystems. Returning water as “environmental flows” is a primary method for restoration, but evidence l...

    Authors: Kimberly A Miller, J Angus Webb, Siobhan C de Little and Michael J Stewardson

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2012 1:14

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  42. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Ecosystem-based approaches for adaptation (EbA) integrate the use of biodiversity and ecosystem services into an overall strategy for helping people adapt to climate change. To date, insight into these approac...

    Authors: Robert Munroe, Dilys Roe, Nathalie Doswald, Tom Spencer, Iris Möller, Bhaskar Vira, Hannah Reid, Andreas Kontoleon, Alessandra Giuliani, Ivan Castelli and Jen Stephens

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2012 1:13

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  43. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    Agriculture has intensified over the last 50 years resulting in increased usage of fertilizers and agrochemicals, changes in cropping practices, land drainage and increased stocking rates. In Europe, this has ...

    Authors: Nicola P Randall, Louise M Donnison and Paul J Lewis

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2012 1:12

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  44. Content type: Systematic review

    Wet meadows occur in numerous locations throughout the American Southwest, but in many cases have become heavily degraded. Among other things they have frequently been overgrazed and have had roads built throu...

    Authors: Karissa M Ramstead, James A Allen and Abraham E Springer

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2012 1:11

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  45. Content type: Systematic Review Protocol

    One of the most influential forms of biological invasions is that of invasive ecosystem engineers, species that affect other biota via alterations to the abiotic environment. Such species can have wide-reachin...

    Authors: Gil Rilov, Rebecca Mant, Devin Lyons, Fabio Bulleri, Lisandro Benedetti-Cecchi, Jonne Kotta, Ana M Queirós, Eva Chatzinikolaou, Tasman Crowe and Tamar Guy-Haim

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2012 1:10

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  46. Content type: Systematic review

    Meadows are regularly mown in order to provide fodder or litter for livestock and to prevent vegetation succession. However, the time of year at which meadows should be first mown in order to maximize biologic...

    Authors: Jean-Yves Humbert, Jérôme Pellet, Pierrick Buri and Raphaël Arlettaz

    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2012 1:9

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