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  1. International policy has sought to emphasize and strengthen the link between the conservation of natural ecosystems and human development. Furthermore, international conservation organizations have broadened t...

    Authors: Madeleine Bottrill, Samantha Cheng, Ruth Garside, Supin Wongbusarakum, Dilys Roe, Margaret B Holland, Janet Edmond and Will R Turner
    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:16

    The Systematic Map to this article has been published in Environmental Evidence 2016 5:8

  2. An increasing evidence base is improving our understanding of how forests and trees provide important ecosystem services to agriculture. However, the specific functions and contributions forests and trees make...

    Authors: Samson Foli, James Reed, Jessica Clendenning, Gillian Petrokofsky, Christine Padoch and Terry Sunderland
    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:15
  3. Lepidopteran and coleopteran species are the most important insect pests in maize. These pests can be controlled by the cultivation of genetically modified crops expressing insecticidal Bt-proteins. The long term...

    Authors: Achim Gathmann and Kai U Priesnitz
    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:13
  4. Bt crops have raised environmental concerns over consequences for sustainability of soil biodiversity and ecosystems services in agricultural land. As Bt crops contain insecticidal proteins potential interaction...

    Authors: Kaloyan Kostov, Paul Henning Krogh, Christian Frølund Damgaard, Jeremy B Sweet and Niels Bohse Hendriksen
    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:11
  5. Bt crops modified by inserting and expressing the Cry toxin from Bacillus thuringiensis have raised environmental concerns over consequences for sustainability of soil biodiversity and ecosystems services in agr...

    Authors: Kaloyan Kostov, Christian Frølund Damgaard, Niels Bohse Hendriksen, Jeremy B Sweet and Paul Henning Krogh
    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:10
  6. Habitat fragmentation and accompanying isolation effects are among the biggest threats to global biodiversity. The goal of restoring connectivity to offset these threats has gained even greater urgency under t...

    Authors: Erik D Doerr, Veronica AJ Doerr, Micah J Davies and Heather M McGinness
    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:9
  7. There are concerns that the cultivation of genetically modified herbicide tolerant (GMHT) crops treated with broad spectrum herbicides will cause declines in botanical diversity and hence loss of biodiversity....

    Authors: Jeremy Sweet and Kaloyan Kostov
    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:8
  8. Since 1996, genetically modified (GM) crops have been grown on an ever increasing area worldwide. Maize producing a Cry protein from the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) was among the first GM crops released...

    Authors: Michael Meissle, Steven E Naranjo, Christian Kohl, Judith Riedel and Jörg Romeis
    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:7
  9. Alternative livelihood projects are used by a variety of organisations as a tool for achieving conservation results. Yet these interventions, including their objectives, vary a great deal, and there is no sing...

    Authors: Dilys Roe, Mike Day, Francesca Booker, Wen Zhou, Sophie Allebone-Webb, Noëlle Kümpel, Nicholas A O Hill, Juliet Wright, Niki Rust, Terry CH Sunderland, Kent Redford and Gillian Petrokofsky
    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:6

    The Systematic Review to this article has been published in Environmental Evidence 2015 4:22

  10. Peatlands cover 2 to 5 percent of the global land area, while storing between 30 and 50 percent of all global soil carbon (C). Peatlands constitute a substantial sink of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) via photo...

    Authors: Neal R Haddaway, Annette Burden, Chris D Evans, John R Healey, Davey L Jones, Sarah E Dalrymple and Andrew S Pullin
    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:5
  11. There is an explicit assumption in international policy statements that biodiversity can help in efforts to tackle global poverty. This systematic map was stimulated by an interest in better understanding the ...

    Authors: Dilys Roe, Max Fancourt, Chris Sandbrook, Mxolisi Sibanda, Alessandra Giuliani and Andrew Gordon-Maclean
    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2014 3:3
  12. Mangrove forest restoration and rehabilitation programs are increasingly undertaken to re-establish ecosystem services in the context of community-based biodiversity conservation. Restoration is returning a ha...

    Authors: Dominic A Andradi-Brown, Caroline Howe, Georgina M Mace and Andrew T Knight
    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2013 2:20
  13. Establishing Protected Areas (PAs) is among the most common conservation interventions. Protecting areas from the threats posed by human activity will by definition inhibit some human actions. However, adverse...

    Authors: Andrew S Pullin, Mukdarut Bangpan, Sarah Dalrymple, Kelly Dickson, Neal R Haddaway, John R Healey, Hanan Hauari, Neal Hockley, Julia P G Jones, Teri Knight, Carol Vigurs and Sandy Oliver
    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2013 2:19
  14. Kelp forests are highly productive ecosystem engineers of rocky cold-water marine coastlines, providing shelter, habitat and food for a variety of associated organisms. Several factors have been related with a...

    Authors: Rita M Araujo, Inka Bartsch, Trine Bekkby, Karim Erzini and Isbel Sousa-Pinto
    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2013 2:15
  15. In context of protected areas (PAs), governance can be defined as a set of processes, procedures, resources, institutions and actors that determine how decisions are made and implemented. Current governance mo...

    Authors: Biljana Macura, Laura Secco and Andrew S Pullin
    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2013 2:14
  16. The translocation of plants or animals between populations has been used in conservation to reinforce populations of threatened species, and may be used in the future to buffer species’ ranges from the anticip...

    Authors: Raj Whitlock, Gavin B Stewart, Simon J Goodman, Stuart B Piertney, Roger K Butlin, Andrew S Pullin and Terry Burke
    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2013 2:13
  17. Within developing countries, groundwater provides an alternative drinking source to polluted surface water. However, the presence of arsenic in some groundwater sources has resulted in chronic worldwide poison...

    Authors: Tracey Jones-Hughes, Jaime Peters, Rebecca Whear, Chris Cooper, Hywel Evans, Michael Depledge and Mark Pearson
    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2013 2:11

    The Systematic Review Protocol to this article has been published in Environmental Evidence 2011 1:1

  18. Floodplains are among the most diverse, dynamic, productive and populated but also the most threatened ecosystems on Earth. Threats are mainly related to human activities that alter the landscape and disrupt f...

    Authors: Stefan Schindler, Michaela Kropik, Katrin Euller, Stuart W Bunting, Christiane Schulz-Zunkel, Anna Hermann, Christa Hainz-Renetzeder, Robert Kanka, Volker Mauerhofer, Viktor Gasso, Andreas Krug, Sophie G Lauwaars, Klaus Peter Zulka, Klaus Henle, Maurice Hoffmann, Marianna Biró…
    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2013 2:10
  19. The assumption that biodiversity and ecosystem services can help in efforts to tackle poverty is implicit in international targets set for biodiversity conservation (by the Convention on Biological Diversity) ...

    Authors: Dilys Roe, Chris Sandbrook, Max Fancourt, Bjorn Schulte, Robert Munroe and Mxolisi Sibanda
    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2013 2:8

    The Erratum to this article has been published in Environmental Evidence 2013 2:12

  20. Invasive species have been reported as one of the leading causes of species extinction. However, the evidence to support or contest their effects on the decline and/or extinction of threatened species has been...

    Authors: Philip D Roberts, Hilda Diaz-Soltero, David J Hemming, Martin J Parr, Nicola H Wakefield and Holly J Wright
    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2013 2:5
  21. Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) encompass a range of protection levels, from fully protected no-take areas to restriction of only particular activities, gear types, user groups, target species or extraction peri...

    Authors: Marija Sciberras, Stuart R Jenkins, Michel J Kaiser, Stephen J Hawkins and Andrew S Pullin
    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2013 2:4
  22. Obscured by the more prevalent discussion of intensification and expansion of agricultural land, the impacts of the abandonment of many grasslands and croplands of the world in recent decades have received lim...

    Authors: Tobias Plieninger, Mirijam Gaertner, Cang Hui and Lynn Huntsinger
    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2013 2:3
  23. Community-based conservation (CBC) promotes the idea that long-term conservation success requires engaging with, and providing benefits for local communities. Though widespread, CBC projects are not always suc...

    Authors: Jeremy Brooks, Kerry Ann Waylen and Monique Borgerhoff Mulder
    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2013 2:2
  24. A high priority topic within the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) water quality programme is the mitigation of diffuse rural pollution from agriculture. Wetlands are often cited as be...

    Authors: Elizabeth J Palmer-Felgate, Mike C Acreman, Jos TA Verhoeven, Miklas Scholz, Edward Maltby, Charlie J Stratford, Jonathan Newman, James Miller and Deborah Coughlin
    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2013 2:1
  25. The extraction of water and alteration of flow regimes by humans have profound negative effects on river ecosystems. Returning water as “environmental flows” is a primary method for restoration, but evidence l...

    Authors: Kimberly A Miller, J Angus Webb, Siobhan C de Little and Michael J Stewardson
    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2012 1:14
  26. Ecosystem-based approaches for adaptation (EbA) integrate the use of biodiversity and ecosystem services into an overall strategy for helping people adapt to climate change. To date, insight into these approac...

    Authors: Robert Munroe, Dilys Roe, Nathalie Doswald, Tom Spencer, Iris Möller, Bhaskar Vira, Hannah Reid, Andreas Kontoleon, Alessandra Giuliani, Ivan Castelli and Jen Stephens
    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2012 1:13
  27. Wet meadows occur in numerous locations throughout the American Southwest, but in many cases have become heavily degraded. Among other things they have frequently been overgrazed and have had roads built throu...

    Authors: Karissa M Ramstead, James A Allen and Abraham E Springer
    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2012 1:11
  28. One of the most influential forms of biological invasions is that of invasive ecosystem engineers, species that affect other biota via alterations to the abiotic environment. Such species can have wide-reachin...

    Authors: Gil Rilov, Rebecca Mant, Devin Lyons, Fabio Bulleri, Lisandro Benedetti-Cecchi, Jonne Kotta, Ana M Queirós, Eva Chatzinikolaou, Tasman Crowe and Tamar Guy-Haim
    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2012 1:10
  29. Meadows are regularly mown in order to provide fodder or litter for livestock and to prevent vegetation succession. However, the time of year at which meadows should be first mown in order to maximize biologic...

    Authors: Jean-Yves Humbert, Jérôme Pellet, Pierrick Buri and Raphaël Arlettaz
    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2012 1:9
  30. Biological invasions are among the most severe threats to marine biodiversity. The impacts of introduced seaweeds on native macroalgal assemblages have been thoroughly reviewed. In contrast, no attempt has bee...

    Authors: Fabio Bulleri, Rebecca Mant, Lisandro Benedetti-Cecchi, Eva Chatzinikolaou, Tasman Crowe, Jonne Kotta, Devin Lyons, Gil Rilov and Elena Maggi
    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2012 1:8
  31. Anthropogenic activities are believed to have caused an increase in the magnitude, frequency, and extent of macroalgal blooms in marine and estuarine environments. These blooms may contribute to declines in se...

    Authors: Devin A Lyons, Rebecca C Mant, Fabio Bulleri, Jonne Kotta, Gil Rilov and Tasman P Crowe
    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2012 1:7
  32. Climate change and high rates of global carbon emissions have focussed attention on the need for high-quality monitoring systems to assess how much carbon is present in terrestrial systems and how these change...

    Authors: Gillian Petrokofsky, Hideki Kanamaru, Frédéric Achard, Scott J Goetz, Hans Joosten, Peter Holmgren, Aleksi Lehtonen, Mary CS Menton, Andrew S Pullin and Martin Wattenbach
    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2012 1:6
  33. Clear-felling is one of the main methods used in many parts of the world for the production of pulp, timber and bioenergy, leading to a simplified forest structure and species composition. One of the measures ...

    Authors: Katja Fedrowitz and Lena Gustafsson
    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2012 1:5
  34. Agriculture is the dominant land use throughout much of Europe. Changes to farming practices have led to concerns about negative impacts on biodiversity, and current agricultural policy has an emphasis towards...

    Authors: Nicola P Randall and Katy L James
    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2012 1:4
  35. Predicted increases in stream temperature due to climate change will have a number of direct and indirect impacts on stream biota. A potential intervention for mitigating stream temperature rise is the use of ...

    Authors: Diana E Bowler, Rebecca Mant, Harriet Orr, David M Hannah and Andrew S Pullin
    Citation: Environmental Evidence 2012 1:3

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